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eBook available: The Red Cross Girls on the French Firing Line

The second Red Cross Girls adventure (following The Red Cross Girls in the British Trenches) is now available on Project Gutenberg. In The Red Cross Girls on the French Firing Line, the girls’ adventures in France continue, with the narrative giving much of its attention to Eugenia, the eldest of the group, who was more of a background character in the previous volume. As in the previous volume, the book develops the characters while offering occasional action sequences, at the same time setting some seeds that may lead to future romantic plot threads. Some of the prose is a bit awkward, perhaps suggesting that the book was written in greater haste than the previous volume, but this is another interesting specimen of war-time juvenile fiction.

As always, the entire book may be read online or downloaded in popular eBook formats through Project Gutenberg.


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eBook available: The Red Cross Girls in the British Trenches

The latest title from our collection to become a Project Gutenberg eBook is The Red Cross Girls in the British Trenches, the first title in a series of juvenile adventures about four American girls who come from substantially different backgrounds but work together to provide relief to the wounded during the first World War.

While many war series were published at this time with a male audience in mind, this is one of the rarer titles marketed to young girls. The narrative is significantly more character-driven than the “boys’ books” of the time, but it still delivers a few action set pieces. It also touches on issues including gender roles, mental illness and the impact of the Civil War, providing an example of how these topics were portrayed to a mainstream juvenile audience at the start of the twentieth century (which, of course, may seem insensitive by twenty-first century standards).

The full text of the book may be read online or downloaded in a variety of popular formats through Project Gutenberg.


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Available for proofreading: Our Young Aeroplane Scouts in France and Belgium

Our latest book to appear as part of the Distributed Proofreaders project is Our Young Aeroplane Scouts in France and Belgium. Like the recent Red Cross Girls titles, this is part of a wave of juvenile adventure novels released in reaction to the first World War, and it has been out of print for more than a century.

You can volunteer to help turn the images from our Digital Library into a new, free electronic edition of the text at Project Gutenberg. To join in, first read this earlier blog post to learn how the process works, then head to the project page to begin work.


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Available for proofreading: Two American Boys with the Allied Armies

Cover imageFollowing the completion of the Dreadnought Boys series, our next Distributed Proofreaders project is the first entry in another early 20th-century juvenile military series. Two American Boys with the Allied Armies was published in 1915, before America’s entry into World War I, and it follows the adventures of the titular boys during that conflict. The series would go on for a total of five novels, concluding in 1918 along with the conflict it described.

To help create a new, free digital edition of this more-than-a-century-old book, you can read this earlier blog post to learn how the process works, then join the work on the project page.


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Available for proofreading: The Red Cross Girls on the French Firing Line

Following last month’s unveiling of The Red Cross Girls in the British Trenches, we have released its sequel into the rounds of the Distributed Proofreaders project. The Red Cross Girls on the French Firing Line is the second entry in the WWI-era juvenile series.

To help create a new free electronic edition of this century-old book on Project Gutenberg, you can read this earlier blog post to learn how the process works, then join in the work at the project page.


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Available for proofreading: The Red Cross Girls in the British Trenches

The subject of our newest Distributed Proofreaders project, The Red Cross Girls in the British Trenches, is the first in a ten-volume series of juvenile novels about nurses during the first World War. The series outlasted the war by a few years, but this initial volume was written while the conflict was still ongoing.

To help create a new free electronic edition of this century-old book on Project Gutenberg, you can read this earlier blog post to learn how the process works, then join in the work at the project page.


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eBook available: The Square Jaw

Square JawThe latest completed title out of Distributed Proofreaders is Henry Ruffin and André Tudesq’s The Square Jaw, a collection of articles written by the two French war correspondents during the first World War and translated into English for this collection.

Since these were reported as events were happening, and because they were aimed at the French public, the tone of these writings differs in some ways from many other accounts of the conflict. While many of the usual horrors are on display, the tone of the pieces has a certain underlying optimism — clearly intended to boost morale — and there is a very strong focus on the friendship between France and Britain and the honor of British troops. Specific details about times and places are often intentionally excluded, though there are some thorough accounts of the fates of certain small French country towns.

While this book certainly doesn’t give the modern reader a thorough perspective on the conflict, it is an interesting glimpse into what some of the people most affected by the war may have been reading while it was going on around them. The full text can be read online or downloaded through Project Gutenberg.


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Available for proofreading: The Square Jaw

Square JawThe most recent book released to Distributed Proofreaders is The Square Jaw by Henry Ruffin and André Tudesq, an English translation of a French-language book discussing episodes from World War I. Our copy is part of the library’s Irish American Collection donated by Joseph McGarrity.

To help create a new electronic edition of this long out of print book, you can read this earlier post about how the proofreading process works, then join in at the project page.


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eBook available: The Ocean Wireless Boys on War Swept Seas

The Ocean Wireless Boys on War Swept SeasHot on the heels of The Boy Aviators with the Air Raiders comes the release of another “Captain Wilbur Lawton” children’s adventure novel, The Ocean Wireless Boys on War Swept Seas. Like the Boy Aviators adventure that preceded this, War Swept Seas takes the heroes of an established line of books and faces them with the dangers of a brewing global conflict.

With this type of series book, it is often difficult to identify authors, since most titles were published pseudonymously, and some pseudonyms were shared. There was no real Captain Wilbur Lawton. It is known that at least some of the Lawton titles were actually the work of journalist John Henry Goldfrap, but it is possible that other authors contributed as well. If both Air Raiders and War Swept Seas are truly the product of the same pen, it shows significant growth between the two books, as War Swept Seas is a significantly more readable and interesting tale than its predecessor (and, for that matter, the previous Ocean Wireless Boys adventure, The Ocean Wireless Boys on the Pacific). You won’t find a whole lot of complex plot here, but the author throws in such a steady stream of action that it’s hardly missed.

War Swept Seas has much in common with Air Raiders: it is set at the very dawn of the war, and its American protagonists take a neutral posture in the conflict (in spite of having primarily German antagonists). Unlike the Boy Aviators, who sought to profit from the war, the Ocean Wireless Boys are simply innocent bystanders, first threatened by British war ships while passengers on a German vessel, and later endangered by all sides (and particularly a vengeful German professor) while on a peaceful mission in Europe. This allows the author to present a different perspective on war than is often found in similar but more hawkish series. Indeed, the book even goes so far as to give its protagonist, who is portrayed as faultlessly brave and heroic, an extended anti-war speech:

“Tell you what, Bill,” said Jack, as they returned to the hotel to breakfast, and found that the fire had been extinguished and the panic quieted down, “war is a pretty thing on paper, and uniforms, and bands, and fluttering flags, and all that to make a fellow feel martial and war-like, but it’s little realities like these that make you feel the world would be a heap better off without soldiers or sailors whose places could be taken by a few wise diplomats in black tail coats. It wouldn’t be so pretty but it would be a lot more like horse sense.”

A marked contrast to the more common message that war is hard but necessary, or even that war holds an unavoidable attraction to all boys. It would have been interesting to have seen if the message evolved in subsequent volumes after deeper U.S. involvement in the war, but sadly, Goldfrap died in 1917, and no further Captain Lawton adventures were published.

The entire book can now be read online or downloaded in a variety of popular eBook formats through Project Gutenberg.


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eBook available: The Boy Aviators with the Air Raiders

The Boy Aviators with the Air RaidersToday, we have contributed a fourth World War I-themed children’s novel to Project Gutenberg. This title, The Boy Aviators with the Air Raiders, was written in the early days of the war and published in 1915, and this gives it a significantly different tone from the other three titles we have released, all of which were produced later.

The books published after America’s entry in the war have a distinct flavor of propaganda about them, emphasizing patriotism and portraying Germans as distasteful stereotypes. This earlier title, produced at a time of America’s neutrality, has an entirely different tone, and indeed, neutrality features prominently in the plot.

As the book begins, the titular Boy Aviators are representing a company which has produced an advanced seaplane. A prototype was sent to France before the war broke out, and while American neutrality prevents further models from being shipped, it does allow royalties to be paid on French-built replicas of the prototype. The boys are tasked with demonstrating the plane to show its value to the French government and secure a contract. Of course, German spies are desperately trying to steal or destroy the plane before this can happen!

The centrality of German espionage to the plot is not surprising for the period; prior to the war, tales of German conspiracy and invasion were popular enough in the English-speaking world to nearly form a genre of their own. While this theme lends a certain air of paranoia to the book, the overall portrayal of the Germans is far more even-handed than what would come later. While the Germans are pitted against the book’s protagonists, the boys treat their adversaries with sympathy and admiration. In the words of young Frank, “while we may sympathize with the Allies in this struggle at the same time we do not hate the German people, but feel the warmest friendship for them.”

Of course, while the Germans get a surprisingly sympathetic portrayal, it would be hard to find a children’s series book of this period that didn’t feature some sort of character offensive to modern sensibilities, and in this instance, most of the cringe-inducing content arrives courtesy of Pudge, one of the heroes, but also a stereotypical “jolly fat boy,” clumsy, more cowardly than his peers, fixated on food, and prone to frequent alliterative exclamations such as “Sugar and sandwiches!” and “Tamales and terrapins!” It could be argued that even Pudge’s portrayal is, on the balance, positive, since he repeatedly performs heroic acts in defiance of his personal limitations, but his positioning as (unfunny) comic relief purely on the basis of a physical attribute is hard to ignore.

As with many of its peers, Boy Aviators with the Air Raiders is interesting as a study of its period, but weak as actual entertainment. While the book certainly delivers some action-packed flying sequences as the boys prove the worth of their plane in active war zones, it has little else to offer. Its prose is unengaging and filled with long, awkward sentences, and the theme of neutrality that runs through the story eventually brings the tale to a startlingly unsatisfying conclusion, perhaps the only ending possible given the many uncertainties of an ongoing conflict.

Since the entire book is available for online reading or download through Project Gutenberg, you are now free to read it and form your own conclusions. In spite of its low literary standards, it is a title worth studying as an example of an early, tentative attempt to use the novelty of an ongoing war to sell books to children.


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Last Modified: May 23, 2014