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New Electronic Resources Explore China Through Western Eyes

By Jutta Seibert

In the past, faculty and students interested in Chinese history depended mostly on Falvey’s book collection for primary sources, unless their research budgets allowed for visits to archives and libraries elsewhere. Now, as a large part of the book collection is temporarily unavailable because of campus access restrictions, the small subset of electronic books with primary sources related to Chinese history, while most welcome, leaves much to be desired.

New digital archives with a focus on relations between China and the West are heaven-sent additions to the Falvey collections. Each collection offers unique Western representations of Chinese life, politics, and culture covering 200 years of economic, cultural, and political relations. Digital surrogates of selected documents, artwork, maps, illustrations, and objects were sourced from originals held by a wide range of libraries, archives, museums, and historical societies. Interested scholars can search all Adam Matthew Digital collections simultaneously via the AM Explorer platform or focus on individual collections that match their distinctive research interests.

China: Trade, Politics & Culture, 1793-1980 features selected primary sources on China’s relationship with the West dating back to the first English embassy and covering most of the 20th century. The collection contains digital copies of official papers, personal accounts, letters, books, and periodicals as well as reproductions of illustrations, maps, artwork, and photographs that depict Chinese people, places, customs, and events. Events covered include the opium wars and the Boxer War, the Nanjing Massacre, the Communist Revolution, and Nixon’s visit to China as seen by British observers. Originals are held at the School of Oriental and African Studies and the British Library among others. Two essays by recognized scholars put the collection in its historical context while short biographies and search directories further facilitate discovery.

China, America and the Pacific: Trade & Cultural Exchange complements China: Trade, Politics & Culture with primary sources from US and Canadian libraries, museums, and historical societies. The collection explores trade and cultural exchange between China, America, and the Pacific region from the 18th to the early 20th century. Primary sources featured in the collection include digital copies of rare books and newspapers, personal accounts, diaries, letters, shipping papers, travel posters, historic maps, artwork, and images of material objects. The sources largely reflect North American viewpoints of China and the Pacific region. Essays such as Behind a Cup of Tea: The Commodities of America’s China Trade, 1784-1839 (John Rogers Haddad, Penn State Harrisburg) contextualize the contents of the collection. Short merchant biographies, a glossary, and subject index offer research assistance.

China: Culture and Society is based exclusively on pamphlets from the Charles W. Wason Collection on East Asia at Cornell University Library. This unique collection of pamphlets on Chinese culture and society spans close to 200 years with the earliest pamphlets dating back to the mid-18th century. Also included are tourist guides, lecture notes, magazine articles, diaries, letters, and annual reports mostly written by Western diplomats, missionaries, merchants, scholars, and travelers. The collection was started by Charles W. Wason, a Cleveland based engineer, who developed a deep interest in China after a visit there. While some pamphlets, particularly those published in Britain and the US, can be easily found online in places like the Internet Archive, other pamphlets, especially those published in China, are rare and not available anywhere else in digital format. Contents range from English translations of Chinese poetry by Ezra Pound, to Sun Yat Sen’s “Kidnapped in London,” and tourist guides for Western visitors. Scholarly essays such as The Story of the Wason Pamphlet Collection (Liren Zheng, Cornell University) and a series of mini guides add historical context.

Scholars with an interest in China may also be keen to explore Foreign Office Files for China, 1919-1980, another Adam Matthew Digital collection with British government documents from The National Archives at Kew and Socialism on Film, 1918-1988, a streaming collection of documentaries, feature films, and newsreels archived at the British Film Institute, which includes films produced in China for distribution in the West.

Access to the collections is available via the Library’s Database A-Z list and its catalog.


Jutta Seibert is Director of Research Services & Scholarly Engagement at Falvey Memorial Library.

 

 



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Resource Highlight: Policy Map – The Name Says It All

By Merrill Stein

The Villanova community now has access to PolicyMap, an online tool for mapping and analyzing US national data on a wide variety of topics including education, income, employment, public health, crime, housing, and transit. Time series data is available from 2000 to the present.

Researchers can conduct demographic and socioeconomic analyses on a variety of geographic levels, from the national level to the neighborhood census block group as well as custom regions.

Some practical uses for PolicyMap include identifying vulnerable populations, examining social determinants of health, studying turnout rate in recent elections, viewing the number of intensive care unit beds, and evaluating Census response indicators by block groups.

Check out some of PolicyMap’s other features:

Access to PolicyMap is available via the Library’s Databases A-Z list and the Library catalog.


Merrill Stein is Political Science Librarian at Falvey Memorial Library.

 

 

 


 


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Resource Highlight: Get an Insider’s Look at Business with Mergent Archives

""Corporate annual reports and SEC filings are the raw materials used for content analysis by researchers examining company histories, corporate strategy, risk, disclosures about environmental and human capital, governance & communication differences to name just a few areas of inquiry. Villanova now has access to collections of these documents in Mergent Archives listed on Databases A-Z and the Business Subject page.

The historical glossy annual report collection includes US companies as well as Canadian, European, Latin American, Africa, Middle Eastern, and Asian.  There are over one million reports in the collection going back to the 19th Century. Full runs for all firms are not immediately available, but this is a growing collection and efforts are being made to achieve full coverage.

The collection, which is in in Adobe PDF format, can be searched by company name, country, and year. The SEC  historical collection (also in PDF format) includes only 10-K, 11-K, and 20-F filings from 1970 to 1995. They can be searched by company name, year, and state.

In addition, the Mergent Archives platform includes historical Moody’s/Mergent Manuals covering the industrial, transportation, banking and finance, public utility, international, and OTC sectors.  Also included are the CRB Commodity Yearbooks from 1939 to present.  Each volume includes data tables and contemporaneous market analysis for commodities from apples to ethanol, soybeans to zinc.

 


face shot of business librarianLinda Hauck, MLS, MBA, is the Business Librarian at Falvey Memorial Library.

 

 

 


 


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Harvard Business Publishing eBooks Now Available

The Villanova community now has Harvard Business Publishing eBooks. The collection includes practice oriented HBR Guides (such as to giving feedback, coaching, thinking strategically, or leading teams), themed article collections (such as ones by Christensen, Kotter, and Davenport),  and “must read” articles from the Harvard Business Review. Important works such as Blue Ocean Strategy are included.

The collection is relatively fresh with 42 titles published in 2018 alone, such as Reverse Innovation in Health Care and Smart Business: What Alibaba’s Success Reveals about the Future of Strategy. Sadly, HBR cases are not included.

Unlike our access to Harvard Business Review on EBSCOs Business Source Premier database, this content is licensed for assigned course readings. Furthermore, each title may be used by unlimited simultaneous users.

However, this content is not digital rights management free, so users that download the full text as PDFs or ePubs will only have access for a limited time (usually seven days) and may need to download again after the loan has expired.  Most of the titles do permit the permanent download of up to 100 pages per session. It is entirely appropriate to use this content as required or optional course materials. Providing students with persistent links or embedding it in Blackboard can offer students increment savings on course packs.

The books in this collection are discoverable in the book search on the library home page, listed on the databases A-Z list and on business subject pages.


face shot of business librarianLinda Hauck, MLS, MBA, is Business Librarian at Falvey Memorial Library.

 

 


 


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US Labor History Up Close: The Archives of the Daily Worker, 1922-1968

By Jutta Seibert

Scholars interested in US labor history will be delighted to learn that the Villanova community now has access to the archives of The Daily Worker Online (1922-1968), the official mouthpiece of the Communist Party of the United States of America from 1924 to 1958. A short history of the paper is available on the website of the Tamiment Institute Library and Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives (New York University), which houses the archives of The Daily Worker, including original photographs and cartoon drawings.

The Daily, as it was commonly referred to, chronicles US labor history from the perspectives of the American worker. Contributing authors include Lester Rodney, Sports Editor of The Daily, John L. Spivak, Richard Wright, and Woody Guthrie. Readers may also be interested in a related collection of internal FBI documents about The Daily Worker, which were digitized through the FOIA program.

Curious to learn more about The Daily Worker? Here are two journal articles that take a closer look at The Daily’s comics and sports coverage:

Fetter, Henry D. “The Party Line and the Color Line: The American Communist Party, the ‘Daily Worker’, and Jackie Robinson.” Journal of Sport History 28, no. 3 (2001): 375-402. www.jstor.org/stable/43610199.

Brunner, Edward. “Red Funnies: The New York Daily Worker’s ‘Popular Front’ Comics, 1936—1945.” American Periodicals 17, no. 2 (2007): 184-207. www.jstor.org/stable/20770985.

 

Access to the archive is available via the catalog or the Journal and Article Finder on the Library’s homepage.


Jutta Seibert is Director of Research Services & Scholarly Engagement at Falvey Memorial Library.

 

 



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Trial Access to FBIS Daily Reports, 1941-1974

By Jutta Seibert

The Foreign Broadcast Information Service Daily Reports, better known as FBIS Daily Reports, consist of English translations of selected foreign radio and television broadcasts, newspaper and magazine articles, and government statements. FBIS was a branch of the CIA with about 20 offices and a large cohort of independent contractors worldwide. The reports were distributed to US policymakers and security analysts to monitor foreign language news. Because of the public nature of the information that FBIS dealt with, its services are labelled open source intelligence.

Some libraries have chosen to share digitized copies of FBIS reports from their collections, although it is not clear whether this is legal, as the reports consist mostly of translations and transcriptions of copyrighted materials. The Villanova University community has partial access to FBIS reports for 1974–1996 through the Readex collection listed on the Library’s Databases A-Z list.

Expanded access to the complete collection (1941–1996) is now available on a trial basis until May 29. The expanded coverage opens the door to explore international reactions to the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the first moon walk, the building of the Berlin Wall, and the Bay of Pigs Invasion, among many other newsworthy events of the twentieth century.

Trial access available until May 29. Let us know if you recommend this collection for permanent access.

 


Jutta Seibert is Director of Research Services & Scholarly Engagement at Falvey Memorial Library.

 

 



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Enter the British National Archives from a Distance

By Jutta Seibert

The British National Archives in Kew are currently closed and may remain closed for the foreseeable future. While many unique documents housed there are inaccessible until the doors open again, some high-demand collections have been digitized.

Villanova University’s community gained digital access to twelve collections from the national archives through the Library’s acquisition of the Adam Matthew Digital backfiles. Each collection is self-contained and can be searched individually as well as through the Archives Direct portal.

Let’s take a closer look at the four Confidential Print collections. They feature documents issued or received by the British Foreign and Colonial Offices for distribution to members of the Foreign Office, Cabinet and British diplomatic missions abroad. These documents chronicle British interests in Africa, the Middle East, Latin America, and North America. Collections typically include reports, correspondence, political summaries, economic analyses, dispatches, descriptions of leading personalities, and maps, as well as one or more companion essays to contextualize the collection at the example of selected sources. These essays are written by leading academics in the field.

The Africa collection spans the modern colonial era (1834-1966), documenting watershed moments, such as the Berlin Conference of 1884 and the scramble for Africa, events in the Congo Free State, and the assertion of independence across the continent, all from the perspective of British government officials.

The Middle East collection (1839-1969 ) includes documents on the countries of the Levant and the Arabian peninsula, Iran, Turkey, Egypt and Sudan. Among the topics covered are the Middle East Conference of 1921, the mandates for Palestine and Mesopotamia, the partition of Palestine, the Suez Crisis, and the Arab-Israel conflict, all from the perspective of British government officials. A separate collection, Foreign Office Files for the Middle East, 1971-1981, sheds light on events from the following ten years.

The Latin America collection (1833-1969) comprises documents on the countries of Central and South America and the French- and Spanish-speaking Caribbean. Documents concerned with the English-speaking Caribbean are included in the North American collection. Slavery and slave trade in Cuba and Brazil, British emigrants, British business and financial interests in Latin America, political developments on the subcontinent, and the building of the Panama Canal are just a few of the subjects covered in this collection.

The North America collection (1824-1961) consists of documents on the United States, Canada, and the English-speaking Caribbean. Sources in the collection chronicle slavery, Prohibition, World War I and II, racial segregation, the League of Nations, McCarthyism, and the nuclear bomb, to name just a few.

Besides the Confidential Print collection, Archives Direct also includes Foreign Office files on the Middle East, China, India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Japan, the Macmillan Cabinet papers, government files on South Africa during Apartheid and President Nixon, and sources related to women’s fight for suffrage.

Access to Archives Direct is available via the Library’s Databases A-Z list and the catalog. Curious about other collections available through Adam Matthew Digital? Talk to your librarian and ask for a list of all collections.


Jutta Seibert is Director of Research Services and Scholarly Engagement at Falvey Memorial Library.

 

 

 



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Explore Modern Texts by Major and Marginalized Voices from the Abrahamic Religions

By Darren G. Poley


The first three volumes of the Twentieth Century Religious Thought Library (Alexander Street Press) are collections of digitized texts by thinkers from the religions of Christianity, Islam, and Judaism. Access to these content collections allows you to trace key concepts of theology across texts by important modern writers as well as to be able to understand contemporary issues of interfaith dialogue and comparative religion.

You can explore individually each volume of the Twentieth Century Religious Thought Library. Volume I, Christianity brings together, for example, many of the writings of Hans Urs von Balthasar, Jürgen Moltmann, Reinhold Niebuhr, Elisabeth Schüssler Fiorenza, Gustavo Gutiérrez, Rosemary Radford Ruether, and Jon Sobrino, as well as the Gesamtausgabe, Kirchliche Dogmatik and other writings by Karl Barth.

Volume II, Islam includes works by Mohammad Hashim Kamali, Said Nursî, Rashid Rida, and Muḥammad T̤āhirulqādrī, as well as books in series like “Makers of the Muslim World” published 2005-2015.

Volume III, Judaism assembles materials from scholars such as Wilhelm Bacher, Heinrich Laible, Nathan Michael Gelber, and Siegfried Silberstein, as well as those in the Markus Brann Archive from the National Library of Israel.

At the collection level, you can browse or search authors and titles of works. You can also browse series or topically by subject. Advanced keyword searching and browsing by genres are even more ways to tap into a volume. Genres include letters, biographical works, scriptural commentaries, and political writings.


Darren G. Poley is Associate Director of Research Services and Scholarly Engagement, and Theology, Humanities & Classical Studies Librarian at Falvey Memorial Library. Every e-text in these collections is also accessible via Falvey’s online catalog: https://library.villanova.edu/Find/Search.

 

 



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Empire, an Adam Matthew Digital Collection

By Merrill Stein

Empire (Adam Matthew Digital) is a collection of full-text primary documents spanning five centuries, from 1492 to 1962, structured in five thematic sections: Cultural Contacts; Empire Writing and the Literature of Empire; The Visible Empire, Religion and Empire and Race; and Class, Colonialism, Imperialism.

Included are manuscripts, along with printed and visual source materials for the study of ‘Empire’ and its theories, practices and consequences. Material is accompanied by scholarly essays, chronology links shared with a unique Global Commodities collection, brief biographies, external links, interactive maps, and some secondary source documents up to 2007.

Empire (Adam Matthew Digital) is part of a collection of over sixty Adam Matthew Digital projects. look for these other collections on the Falvey Library list of databases or at AM Explorer (Adam Matthew Digital).

 


Merrill Stein is Political Science Librarian at Falvey Memorial Library.

 

 


 


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New Resource at Falvey: Brill’s Encyclopedia of Early Modern History

By Jutta Seibert

Scholars interested in the early modern period (1450-1850) will appreciate Brill’s Encyclopedia of Early Modern History for its interdisciplinary approach, focus on global connections, and unique European viewpoints and voices. Translating the Enzyklopädie der Neuzeit into English for a wider audience was a worthwhile but difficult project that is still in progress.

The Villanova community has access to the original German edition and its English translation, most of which is completed at this time. Although much of the scholarship referenced in the articles of the Encyclopedia is in languages other than English, English language scholarship is represented as well. Indeed, one of the strengths of the Encyclopedia is the network of international scholarship it brings together.

Most articles are concise and to the point. They are cross referenced with a core of in-depth key articles that deal with overarching concepts such as knowledge, culture, nationalism, race, colonialism, the environment, the Atlantic world, and the everyday world to name just a few of the themes covered. While most article titles are translated into English, in some cases editors decided to retain German terminology for the sake of clarity (e.g., Bildungsbürgertum and Frauenzimmer).

The Encyclopedia of Early Modern History joins a series of new online reference works published by Brill and now available at Villanova University: The Encyclopedia of Jewish History and Culture, and the Brill Encyclopedia of Early Christianity Online. Access links are available in the catalog (Books & Media) and individual articles can be discovered via Articles & more. Simply use the Reference format filter to refine your search results.


Jutta Seibert is Director of Research Services & Scholarly Engagement at Falvey Memorial Library.

 

 

 



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Last Modified: April 22, 2020