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From the Archives: Welcome to Villanova!

From the University Archives: Welcome to Villanova

A Peek into First Year Orientation

The next installment of the University Archives exploring past traditions of Villanova is how incoming first year students, or also known as Frosh or Yearlings, experienced their first days on campus in the first half of the twentieth century.

Freshman Orientation

Upon arrival incoming students were given logistical and academic information, housing details, class schedule, introductions to faculty and upperclassmen, religious registration, and introduction to student organizations. The first day also required a physical exam by a doctor. All of this would be guided by the Orientation Committee (White Cappers), who were the Sophomores.  The committee who would prepare incoming students with “regs” (dinks, ties, identification buttons, and handbook) and teach them the “Frosh rules and regulations” and the very important Hello Habit.

Much of orientation was like an initiation where cultural aspects to Villanova life were heavily indoctrinated and Freshman learned the college songs, yells, and rules. Orientation Committee reinforced etiquette and rules from day one. Frosh would be taught they would have to partake in trunk carrying (help move-in all students in their dorms), coal shoveling, gridiron marking, and stadium cleaning. Noted in the 1946 Belle Air yearbook, infractions would result in haircuts or being molasses and feathered.

Description of Etiquette Expectations

after we had a chance to become acclimated to the surroundings a series of impromptu meetings were held in the amphitheatre with the white cappers scolding yearlings...bellowing instructions to wear the regs...omit smoking cigarettes...learn the college cheers and songs...carry matches for the upperclassmen...get the "hello habit"...

keep coats buttoned and hands out of pockets...and above all stand erect while in the presence of upper classmen.

 Belle Air, 1937

First day of freshman year

First Day for Yearlings, Belle Air, 1943

 

Frosh being directed to jump

Frosh being directed to jump, Belle Air 1967

…and be sure to remember the “Hello Habit”Hello Habit Request for Freshmen

The Hello Habit was simply students saying hello to each other as they passed each other on campus. The gesture was serious business for upperclassmen as they would patrol the halls making sure Frosh did it as well as lament in The Owl and Villanovan for years how the time-honored tradition was at constant risk because of freshmen.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Owl, 1931

 

It was later in the school year Freshmen got  “revenge” on the Sophomores during annual Frosh-Soph field day called “Muff Day” and annual Tug-O-War in the Spring.

Frosh-Soph game

tug of war

Belle Air, 1938

Changes

Many of the rituals, dress, initiations, and student hierarchies were abandoned by the late 1960s. Mostly because the university had become co-ed, the student body became more diverse, and the styles and trends of a college student focused more on individualism. In the 1980s, Villanova saw a significant cultural shift as orientation became more about preparing students for their college experience as a whole, including how to navigate the academic rigor and learn the support systems throughout campus.

For more images of campus life: https://digital.library.villanova.edu/Collection/vudl:171664

 

 


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Content Roundup – Third Week – August 2021

Typescript, Letter, To: Fr. Falvey. From: Éamon de Valera, March 12, 1962

This week we present a host of new materials, including additional Dime Novels and Story Paper issues. In addition, a rare poetry book by Pater Golden from the Joseph McGarrity Collection as well as an important letter about the McGarrity Collection itself are made available online for the first time. Finally the concluding parts of the Nursing Museum’s Jessie Margaret Ada Mutch Collection are available.

Dime Novel and Popular Literature Collection

Fiction

The banker’s heir / by Sylvanus Cobb, Jr.
[https://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:649971]

The lone range rider; or, Among the rustlers of the bad lands / by Herbert Bellwood
[https://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:653183]

Gentleman Joe’s moonlight matinee; or, The Wild-cat of Whiskey Gap / by the author of “Gentleman Joe.”
[https://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:653147]

Periodicals

Frank Leslie’s Chimney Corner, v. X, no. 237, December 11, 1869

Frank Leslie’s Chimney Corner (1 issue added)
[https://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:652583]

Girls’ Companion (1 issue added)
[https://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:653135]

Golden Days (1 issue added)
[https://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:651297]

Portland Transcript (1 issue added)
[https://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:652059]

Nursing Museum

p. [28], Item 1, front

Jessie Margaret Ada Mutch Collection (1 scrapbook part added)
[https://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:636114]

Josesph McGarrity Collection

Books

[2] p., The Voice of Ireland / by Peter Golden

The Voice of Ireland / by Peter Golden
[https://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:652895]

Papers

Typescript, Letter, To: Fr. Falvey. From: Éamon de Valera, March 12, 1962
[https://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:653599]

Villanova Digital Collection

Magazines, Newsletters, and Journals

The Villanovan, Vol. 77. No. 3, September 14, 2001.

The Villanovan (2 issues added from September, 2001)
[https://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:653624]

Villanova student author

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Dawn Chorus Male Song in Relation to Ancestry in the Black-capped Chickadee x Carolina Chickadee Hybrid Zone / Ariana A. Abbrescia
[https://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:653717]


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Green Voices of the Past: Revisiting Mary Linehan’s Poetry Commonplace Book

Posted for: Emily Poteat.

Poetry commonplace books can be gateways to understanding not only individuals, but also, they can inform on what popular literature was consumed during a specific time period. Mary Linehan’s Poetry Commonplace Book, held by Villanova’s Distinctive Collections, is an example of such a manuscript.

Photograph of Linehan’s Lament of Mary Queen of Scots

While giving a glimpse into the life of Linehan, Linehan’s commonplace book also gives the reader an understanding of what literature was being consumed by Americans in the late 19th century. Linehan’s 19th century commonplace book is filled with numerous poems, and many of which are from an array of American, Scottish, and Irish poets. Temporally, the poetry found in Linehan’s manuscript ranges from the late 16th century all the way to the 19th century. This is significant as it points to the reach of the different types of literature that Irish Americans were being exposed to in the 19th century. From Thomas Moore to a 16th century earl, Wentworth Dillon, 4th Earl of Roscommon, this commonplace books brings features a wide array of poets and poetry styles. Furthermore, the poetry book also features a poem by Robert Burns. Burns was a Scottish poet and lyricist, and his poem “Lament of Mary Queen of Scots,” is one of the poems that Linehan copied into her commonplace book. Burns was well-known for his poetry being in the Scottish dialect, and Burns is known as the pioneer of the Romantic movement. The poem, “Lament of Mary Queen of Scots,” is from the perspective of Mary Queen of Scots, and details the events of her life and her agony of not seeing her son grow up. This poem fits in with the overall theme of loss and sadness that is laden throughout Linehan’s commonplace book. Moreover, the variations in the text from Linehan’s handwritten copied version of the poem to Burns’s original poem is also interesting to note. This is through the way Linehan omitted much of Burns’s Scottish dialect, and opted to substitute the traditional English spelling of the words. However, Linehan did at times maintain the Scottish dialect in the poem and it is hard to discern a pattern in how she chose to keep the Scottish dialect or omit it.

Photograph of Linehan’s biorgraphical information on page 44

This manuscript also allows a deeper understanding of an Irish-American woman during the 19th century. According to the manuscript, as well as state records, Linehan was born in Cork, Ireland c. 1851 to Michael and Catherine Linehan. When Linehan moved to Georgia in the late 19th century, she met her husband John Ring, and on September 27, 1875 Ring and Linehan married. Almost a year after their marriage, both Ring and Linehan died. Ring died on September 04, 1876, and Linehan died September 21, 1876. These events are chronicled by a family member in Linehan’s commonplace book, presumably by a relative, as the page detailing this is marked “J.M. Linehan.” After Linehan’s death, J.M. Linehan, who recorded Mary and her husband’s death in the manuscript, began to record poetry in the book as well. Both selections of poetry made by Mary Linehan and J.M. Linehan, are all seemingly concerned with fidelity, infidelity, and loss. This is important to note, as these themes defined the types of poetry found in the book, and seemingly one could infer that these poems were chosen because of their likeness in theme to one another.

As a whole, Linehan’s poetry commonplace book offers a glimpse into the literature one Irish-American woman was consuming during the 19th century; however, it also offers a deeper understanding as to the types of literature being consumed by the broader 19th century American public.

———–

Emily Poteat is a graduate assistant in Irish Studies and Falvey Memorial Library’s Distinctive Collections and Digital Engagement Department, and a graduate student in the History Department.


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Content Roundup – First Two Weeks – August 2021

p. 6, Minute book, Friends of Irish Freedom: Patrick H. Pearse Branch, December 19, 1916-November 21, 1920

Just a few new Dime Novels and Story Papers for your reading and research needs as the summer heat continues! Also completed this is the full and annotated transcription of the Joseph McGarrity Collection Minute book of the Friends of Irish Freedom: Patrick H. Pearse Branch ranging from December 19, 1916 to November 21, 1920.

Dime Novel and Popular Literature

Fiction

Diamond Dick and the safe-crackers; or, Two-spot’s level best / by the author of “Diamond Dick.”

Diamond Dick and the safe-crackers; or, Two-spot’s level best / by the author of “Diamond Dick.”
[https://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:641657]

Rattlesnake Ralph’s lightning pards
[https://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:652663]

Periodicals

The Girls’ companion, v. VI, no. 4, January 26, 1907

Girls’ Companion (4 issues added)
[https://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:652562?lookfor=title%3Ajanuary]

Detail, p. 105, Golden Days : for Boys and Girls, v. VIII, no. 7, January 15, 1887

Golden Days (1 issue added)
[https://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:651257]

New York Ledger (1 issue added)
[https://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:650904]

Detail from p. [313], The Portland transcript, v. XIX, no. 40, Saturday, Jan. 12, 1856

Portland Transcript (1 issue added)
[https://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:652035]

Weekly Novelette (1 issue)
[https://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:651635]

Joseph McGarrity Collection

Papers

Minute book, Friends of Irish Freedom: Patrick H. Pearse Branch, December 19, 1916-November 21, 1920 (Transcription added under “Downloads”)
[https://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:137285]


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Content Roundup – Last Week – July 2021

p. [19], Scrapbook (Part 4) of Jessie Margaret Ada Mutch, January-August 1945

Recently digitized and available for use this week are a number of items from the Museum of Nursing History’s Jessie Margaret Ada Mutch Collection, more Dime Novels and Story Paper issues, and a typescript letter from the James Wheeler Collection of Polar Exploration.

Dime Novel and Popular Literature Collection

Fiction

Diamond Dick’s maverick; or, The secret of Old Copper-Top / by the author of “Diamond Dick.”

Diamond Dick, Jr. (4 issues added)
[https://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:644413]
[https://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:644453]
[https://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:644864]
[https://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:652241]

Hank Starr at Pryor Creek; or, Old Jack Drew heard from / by Jim Kearney
[https://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:651445]

Periodicals

Frank Leslie’s Chimney Corner (1 issue + 1 supplement added)
[https://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:383292?lookfor=title%3A235]

Detail, [1] p., The New York Ledger, v. XXVIII, no. 12, May 11, 1872

New York Ledger (1 issue added)
[https://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:650892]

Philadelphia home weekly, v. XXIV, no. 44, October 24, 1866

Philadelphia Home Weekly (1 issue added)
[https://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:650728]

Portland Transcript (1 issue added)
[https://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:652023]

The Weekly novelette, v. IV, no. 12, Saturday, December 4, 1858

Weekly Novelette (1 issue added)
[https://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:651615]

James Wheeler Collection of Polar Exploration

Typescript Letter, To: Mr. Mac’Alister From: Fridtjof Nansen, January 20, 1893
[https://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:652281]

Museum of Nursing History

Jessie Margaret Ada Mutch Collection

“Road Map of France” from Scrapbook (Part 4) of Jessie Margaret Ada Mutch, January-August 1945

Scrapbook (Part 4) of Jessie Margaret Ada Mutch, January-August 1945
[https://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:652293]

Photograph, Jessie Margaret Ada Mutch in nursing cap and uniform, undated
[https://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:652000]

“Nurses Playing Basketball, 1945”

Photographs, Nurses playing basketball, March 7, 1945
[https://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:652006]

Item 28, front, Packet (2) of Jessie Margaret Ada Mutch, 1942 – 1953

Packet (2) of Jessie Margaret Ada Mutch, 1942 – 1953
[https://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:651092]


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Green Voices of the Past: The Friends of Irish Freedom and World War I

Posted for: Emily Poteat.

World War I erupted into an international conflict on July 28, 1914, and the conflict held a multitude of implications for people around the world. A lesser amplified voice in historical studies on the conflict, is that of Irish Americans.

Presently, I am working through the Minute Book of the Patrick H. Pearse Branch of the Friends of Irish Freedom. The Friends of Irish Freedom was an Irish-American organization founded during the third Irish Race Convention, held from March 04, 1916 to March 05, 1916. Further, the organization held the aims of supporting and assisting in the movement for Irish independence. Voices of men and women fighting for Irish independence fill this manuscript, and throughout the work their political and cultural beliefs come to light through the descriptions of their bi-monthly meetings. World War I, emerges in the minute book for this organization, as a highly contentious conflict that held implications of imminent importance for the movement for Irish independence.

Friends of Irish Freedom Opposed to the War

Conscription is directly confronted by the members of the Patrick H. Pearse Branch of the Friends of Irish Freedom, wherein, members are described as making patriotic speeches for Irish-American resistance to the war, specifically through resisting the draft. While these men and women felt a deep dedication to the United States, they also expressed patriotism to Ireland, where they were all steadfast in their dedication to the cause of Irish freedom. Because of this, they negatively viewed the war because of its inherent connection to England. This is most evident through the voice of Father Collins, who gave a speech appealing “to all members of the F.O.I.F. to stand by all young Irishmen who refused to be drafted” (p. 43). These feelings of animosity, amongst the members of this branch of the Friends of Irish Freedom, towards the war, seemingly were stemmed from World War I’s association with England. This sentiment is best summed up on page 29 in the minute book, when a visitor to the meeting, a “Mr Jos McGarrity,” this most likely being Joseph McGarrity, is described as stating “he wanted to know why we Americans should be in the war at all as this surely was Englands war and England only Sung by a lady guest” (p. 29) These statements that are described as being from McGarrity in the text are interesting, as they represent the enmity many Irish-Americans felt towards England.

p. 70, Minute Book, Friends of Irish Freedom,

The Patrick H. Pearse Branch of the Friends of Irish Freedom did seem to think World War I could have positive implications for the cause of Irish Independence, as they believed President Woodrow Wilson’s article five of his “Fourteen Points,” made a case for Irish independence. Father Mahoney’s voice is amplified in the minutes from a meeting of the organization, on November 17, 1918, where the minutes state Father Mahoney “made an elocuent [sic] address on Irish Independence…He outlined President Wilson’s declaration regarding the rights of small nations, and stated that Ireland should have delegates at the Peace Conference” (p. 68). Father Mahoney’s speech illuminates the hopes that Irish-Americans felt that the Paris Peace Conference would mark a monumental shift in the fight for Irish independence, and shows how Irish-Americans utilized not only cultural, but also political means to make moves towards the cause of an independent Ireland.

Through reading the Minute Book of the Patrick H. Pearse Branch of the Friends of Irish Freedom, one not only garners a deeper understanding of the commitment of Irish-Americans to aiding the cause of Irish independence, one also learns the names behind those taking part in the movement. This minute book amplifies the voices of Irish-Americans participating in a movement they were deeply committed to.

———–

Emily Poteat is a graduate assistant in Irish Studies and Falvey Memorial Library’s Distinctive Collections and Digital Engagement Department, and a graduate student in the History Department.


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Content Roundup – Third Week – July – 2021

Letter, To: A. McLellan From: E. K. Kane, April 3, 1856

This week we present a host of new materials of note, including additional Dime Novels and Story Paper issues as well more issues of The Irishman newspaper from the Joseph McGarrity Collection. As well, correspondence about the McGarrity Collection in Falvey Memorial Library is made available online for the first time. Finally, the first digital offerings from the new James Wheeler Collection of Polar Exploration are available; these include a scrapbook, letter, and photographs of the Philadelphia Arctic explorer Elisha Kent Kane as well as other materials with more to come in future weeks.

Front, typescript, Letter, To: Rev. D. P. Falvey, O.S.A. From: Éamon de Valera, July 4, 1948

Dime Novel and Popular Literature

Fiction

Front cover, Dennis Mulcahy, janitor of the Harlem flats / by Peter Pad

Dennis Mulcahy, janitor of the Harlem flats / by Peter Pad
[https://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:651004]

Periodicals

[121] p., Frank Leslie’s Chimney Corner, v. XXV, no. 632, July 7, 1877

Frank Leslie’s Chimney Corner (1 issue added)
[https://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:651695]

Detail p. 89, Golden Days : for Boys and Girls, v. VIII, no. 6, January 8, 1887

Golden Days (1 issue added)
[https://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:651237]

Philadelphia Home Weekly (1 issue added)
[https://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:648972]

Portland Transcript (5 issues added)
[https://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:649817?lookfor=title%3Adec]

Weekly Novelette (1 issue added)
[https://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:651595]

James Wheeler Collection of Polar Exploration

Portrait, carte de visite portrait of Dr. E. K. Kane, undated.

Portrait, carte de visite portrait of Dr. E. K. Kane, undated
[https://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:651177]

Insert, Elisha Kent Kane Scrapbook, 1854-1857

Elisha Kent Kane Scrapbook, 1854-1857
[https://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:651817]

Letter, To: A. McLellan From: E. K. Kane, April 3, 1856
[https://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:651189]

Portrait, carte de visite of Elisha Kent Kane, undated
[https://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:651183]

Portrait engraving of Sir John Franklin, Capt. R. N., 1830
[https://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:651784]

Portrait photograph of Sir George Nares, circa 1880

Portrait photograph of Sir George Nares, circa 1880
[https://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:651778]

Joseph McGarrity Collection

Newspapers

The Irishman (154 issues added in total for January-August 1919)
[https://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:615318]

Villanova Digital Collection

Falvey Memorial Library

Typescript, Letter, To: Sean T. O’Kelly. From: Rev. Daniel P. Falvey, O.S.A., October 11, 1948

Correspondence (Joseph McGarrity), 1940-1948 (5 items added)
[https://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:652019]


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Content Roundup – Second Week – July 2021

A few more Dime Novels and Story Paper issues newly available this week!

Dime Novel and Popular Literature

Fiction

Swipes and the ghosts / by “Frank.”
[https://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:650984]

Front cover, Diamond Dick, Jr. on deck

Diamond Dick, Jr. (2 issues added)
[https://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:641617]
[https://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:641577]

Periodicals

Detail, p. 245, Frank Leslie’s Chimney Corner, v. XVI, no. 406, March 8, 1873

Frank Leslie’s Chimney Corner (1 issue added)
[https://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:651715]

p. [65], Golden Days : for Boys and Girls, v. VIII, no. 5, January 1, 1887

Golden Days (1 issue added)
[https://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:651217]

Detail, p. 5, The New York Ledger, v. XXVIII, no. 11, May 4, 1872

New York Ledger (1 issue added)
[https://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:650880]

Philadelphia Home Weekly (1 issue added)
[https://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:650085]

Detail, p. 257, The Portland transcript, v. XIX, no. 33, Saturday, Nov. 24, 1855

Portland Transcript (4 issues added)
[https://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:649817?lookfor=title%3Anov]


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Content Roundup – First Week – July 2021

Recently added to the digital library offerings this week, we offer more story paper issues, more dime novels, and issues of the Saturday Globe newspaper!

Dime Novel and Popular Literature

Fiction

Diamond Dick, Jr. (2 issues added)
[https://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:641701]
[https://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:642300]

Swipes’ picnic / by “Frank.”
[https://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:650964]

Periodicals

Frank Leslie’s Chimney Corner (1 issue added)
[https://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:650269]

Golden Days (1 issue added)
[https://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:649138]

New York Ledger (1 issue added)
[https://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:650868]

Portland Transcript (3 issues added)
[https://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:649817?lookfor=title%3Aoct]

Detail, [145] p., The Weekly novelette, v. IV, no. 10, Saturday, November 20, 1858

Weekly Novelette (1 issue added)
[https://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:648748]

Newspapers

Detail, [1] p., Saturday Globe, v. 18, no.13, Saturday, August 13, 1898

Saturday Globe (12 issues added)
[https://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:646198]


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Green Voices of the Past: A Trip through Ireland with Joseph McGarrity

Posted for: Emily Poteat.

Throughout my work thus far, one of the strongest and decisive voices I have encountered is that of Joseph McGarrity. McGarrity was an Irish-American political activist who is best known for his support for the Irish Republican cause of Irish independence, and his involvement as well as leadership in Clan-na-Gael in the United States. Clan-na-Gael was a successor organization to the Fenian Brotherhood, and an Irish Republican organization in the United States that operated from the 19th century into the 20th century.

Photograph of Travel Diary

McGarrity’s eloquent writing style was one I had previously encountered through his communications in letters; however, one gains a deeper sense of his thought process and beliefs when engaging with his travel diary from his 1925 trip to Ireland. From McGarrity’s reminisces of episodes of Irish resistance to English rule throughout Ireland’s history, to describing the condition of Irish castles and Irish towns, one achieves an understanding of how deeply committed to Ireland and his Irish heritage McGarrity genuinely was. Punctuating this is the way McGarrity described the Irish people he encountered; for, in one entry McGarrity explained, “it is really the poorest part of Ireland I have yet seen the redeeming feature was th [sic] people” (McGarrity pg. 41). What made McGarrity appreciate the people so much, as he explained in the text, was the way they spoke to him in the Irish language, Gaelic. McGarrity, as seen throughout his previous letters, and even more so in this travel diary, was devoted to the survival and continuance of Irish culture and heritage; moreover, McGarrity saw the passing along Irish traditions such as Gaelic and Irish dancing and music to the next generation as an inherently patriotic act.

Photograph of Joseph McGarrity from Villanova Collection

Most exciting in McGarrity’s travel diary thus far, has been the way he describes events in Irish history. One encounters his renditions of Ireland’s history with Oliver Cromwell in the Cromwellian Conquest of Ireland, Henry II and his dealing with Dermot MacMurrough over his seat at Leinster, and the War of the Roses and the dispute between the Jacobites and Williamites. However, most personal to McGarrity seems to be his descriptions of the struggle for Irish Independence. McGarrity, so far, seems to have shaped his trip’s itinerary around visiting Irish locations deeply connecting to Irish Republicanism. This seems to be the case, as McGarrity describes frequently locations connected to the Irish Confederate Wars, the Irish Rebellion of 1798, the Easter Rising, the Irish War of Independence, and the Irish Civil War.

Through tracing McGarrity’s steps across Ireland one not only understands McGarrity’s commitment to Irish heritage, one also gains a sense of McGarrity’s own understandings of the events that led to Irish independence. I look forward to transcribing more of McGarrity’s travel diary, and learning more about his own beliefs and his travels through Ireland.

““““““““

Emily Poteat is a graduate assistant in Irish Studies and Falvey Memorial Library’s Distinctive Collections and Digital Engagement Department, and a graduate student in the History Department.


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Last Modified: July 7, 2021