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Arab Spring or Arab Awakening? Find Key Resources

By Merrill Stein and Kristyna Carroll

The Arab Spring may be, as Rami G. Khouri called it when visiting campus this September, an “Arab Awakening.” How far the spring awakening has come and where it’s going is still under consideration.

For some background, try one of the library subscription services. The Columbia International Affairs Online (CIAO) database has several “Popular Protest in North Africa and the Middle East” reports.

Use the Oxford Islamic Studies Online database for information and reports about “The New Social Media and the Arab Spring” or “Saudi Arabia: Challenges for the 21st Century.”

Articles in Proquest Newspapers ask whether the Arab spring will have an Indian summer or whether “This “Arab Spring” could turn into an “Arab Year” that the whole world can celebrate together.” In the Communication & Mass Media Complete database, an article about “Media and the Arab uprisings of 2011: Research Notes” describes ten different ways that media and communications resisted the Arab uprisings of 2011 and how “some have been so bold as to label [these events] as the ‘Twitter Revolutions’ or ‘Facebook Revolutions.’”

In learning about the Arab Spring two particulars emerge: age and media.  An article in the ABI/INFORM database highlights that “Nearly 30% of the population in Muslim-majority countries is between 15 and 29 years old. …  The social media that helped facilitate the Arab Spring Awakening is in no small part driving a historic transition from a world comprising many pockets of civilizations barely aware of each others existence to a digitally interconnected world.”

The second Arab Social Media Report from the Dubai School of Government indicates “Youth (between the ages of 15 and 29) make up around 70% of Facebook users in the Arab region, indicating a slight increase in the number of users over 30 years old since the end of 2010.”

Diverse points-of-view are also available from a variety of news services. The BBC and Al Jazeera carry special reports such as Tunisia’s recent experiment with free elections, Middle East firms eye social media profit potential and InDepth Briefings.  The Guardian and Deutsche-Welle can also provide additional insights. Databases such as Lexis/Nexis, Academic OneFile and ABI/INFORM Global provide daily updates as well.

Keep current by using other library resources such as PAIS International, the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) or Worldwide Political Science Abstracts and library subject guides.

What other resources would you recommend?




  1. Comment by Josiah — November 30, 2011 @ 7:06 AM
  2. Comment by CMG — November 30, 2011 @ 12:53 PM
  3. Comment by CMG — November 30, 2011 @ 12:56 PM

    By the way, the Social Media report will be updated in the coming months, and you can follow us on twitter @CIMA_Media_News and sign up for our Digital Media Mash Up for further info and research:

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Last Modified: November 26, 2011

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