‘Freedom – The Beginning and End of All Philosophy’
A Symposium on the Philosophy of FWJ Schelling
Co-organized by the Department of Philosophy at Temple University
and the International Center for Philosophy at Bonn University
October 4-5, 2013
Jennifer Dobe (Grinnell College, USA)
Michael Forster (University of Bonn, Germany)
Markus Gabriel (University of Bonn, Germany)
Marcela Garcia (Universidad Iberoamericana, Mexico City, Mexico)
Sebastian Gardner (University College London, UK)
Yitzhak Melamed (Johns Hopkins, USA)
Dalia Nassar (Villanova University, Philadelphia, USA; University of Sidney, Sidney Australia)
Lara Ostaric (Temple University, USA)
Richard Velkley (Tulane University, USA)
Eric Watkins (University of California, San Diego, USA)
Jason Wirth (Seattle University, USA)
The sponsors for this event include: The Greater Philadelphia Philosophy Consortium, The University of Bonn International Center for Philosophy, the Department of Philosophy at Temple University, the Office of International Affairs at Temple University, and the Center for the Humanities at Temple (CHAT)-Temple University.
For more information: http://schelling2013.weebly.com/index.html
A few more of the latest:
A Companion to Meister Eckhart
edited by Jeremiah M. Hackett (Brill)
From the publisher: This book meets an obvious need in English language studies on Meister Eckhart. It is the first handbook on Eckhart for graduate and undergraduate students. It is divided into three parts. Part one deals with the life, works, career, and trial; Greek, Jewish, and Arabic philosophical sources, and some central philosophical ideas. Part two examines Eckhart as a Latin exegete, vernacular preacher, Eckhart’s understanding of God, Eckhart as a reader of Maimonides and in relation to women’s spirituality. Part three deals with the reception of Eckhart and his works from the fourteenth century to the twenty-first century. It covers fourteenth-century German readers of Eckhart, the fifteenth-century reader Nicholas of Cusa, the sixteenth-seventeenth-century reader Valentine Weigel, the reception of Eckhart in German idealism and romanticism and Eckhart and philosophy in the twentieth century. There is an epilogue on mysticism and philosophy in Eckhart and an appendix on Dominican education in the Middle Ages. Contributors include Walter Senner OP, Allesandra Beccarisi, Dagmar Gottschall, Loris Sturlese, Tamar Tsopurashvili, Jennifer Hart Weed, Jeremiah Hackett, Udo Kern, Alessandro Palazzo, Eliza Rubino, Donald F. Duclow, Bruce Millem, Markus Enders, Yossef Schwartz, Lydia Wegener, Jack C. Marler, Nadia Bray, Elizabeth Brient, Fiorella Rettucci, Andrew Weeks, Cyril O’Regan, Dermot Moran, Karl Albert and Paul Dietrich.
Anthropology Confronts the Problems of the Modern World
by Claude Lévi-Strauss, translated by Jane Marie Todd (Harvard University Press)
From the publisher: Anthropology Confronts the Problems of the Modern World is the first English translation of a series of lectures Claude Lévi-Strauss delivered in Tokyo in 1986. Written with an eye toward the future as his own distinguished career was drawing to a close, this volume presents a synthesis of the author’s major ideas about structural anthropology, a field he helped establish. Critiquing insights of his earlier writings on the relationship between race, history, and civilization, Lévi-Strauss revisits the social issues that never ceased to fascinate him. He begins with the observation that the cultural supremacy enjoyed by the West for over two centuries is at an end. Global wars and genocides in the twentieth century have fatally undermined Western faith in humanity’s improvement through scientific progress. Anthropology, however, can be the vehicle of a new “democratic humanism,” broadening traditional frameworks that have restricted cross-cultural understandings of the human condition, and providing a basis for inquiries into what other civilizations, such as those of Asia, can teach. Surveying a world on the brink of the twenty-first century, Lévi-Strauss assesses some of the dilemmas of cultural and moral relativism a globalized society faces—ethical dimensions of economic inequality, the rise of different forms of religious fundamentalism, the promise and peril of genetic and reproductive engineering. A laboratory of thought opening onto the future, Anthropology Confronts the Problems of the Modern World is an important addition to the canon of one of the twentieth-century’s most influential theorists.
You Must Change Your Life: On Anthropotechnics
by Peter Sloterdijk (Polity Press)
From the publisher: In his major investigation into the nature of humans, Peter Sloterdijk presents a critique of myth – the myth of the return of religion. For it is not religion that is returning; rather, there is something else quite profound that is taking on increasing significance in the present: the human as a practising, training being, one that creates itself through exercises and thereby transcends itself. Rainer Maria Rilke formulated the drive towards such self-training in the early twentieth century in the imperative ‘You must change your life’. In making his case for the expansion of the practice zone for individuals and for society as a whole, Sloterdijk develops a fundamental and fundamentally new anthropology. The core of his science of the human being is an insight into the self-formation of all things human. The activity of both individuals and collectives constantly comes back to affect them: work affects the worker, communication the communicator, feelings the feeler. It is those humans who engage expressly in practice that embody this mode of existence most clearly: farmers, workers, warriors, writers, yogis, rhetoricians, musicians or models. By examining their training plans and peak performances, this book offers a panorama of exercises that are necessary to be, and remain, a human being.
Philosophos: Plato’s Missing Dialogue
by Mary Louise Gill (Oxford University Press)
From the publisher: Plato famously promised to complement the Sophist and the Statesman with another work on a third sort of expert, the philosopher–but we do not have this final dialogue. Mary Louise Gill argues that Plato promised the Philosopher, but did not write it, in order to stimulate his audience and encourage his readers to work out, for themselves, the portrait it would have contained. The Sophist and Statesman are themselves members of a larger series starting with the Theaetetus, Plato’s investigation of knowledge, and the whole series relies on the Parmenides, the second part of which presents a philosophical exercise, introduced as the first step in a larger philosophical program. Gill contends that the dialogues leading up to the missing Philosopher, though they reach some substantive conclusions, are philosophical exercises of various sorts designed to train students in dialectic, the philosopher’s method; and that a second version of the Parmenides exercise, closely patterned on it, spans parts of the Theaetetus and Sophist and brings the philosopher into view. This is the exercise about being, the subject-matter studied by Plato’s philosopher. Plato hides the pieces of the puzzle and its solution in plain sight, forcing his students (and modern readers) to dig out the pieces and reconstruct the project. Gill reveals how, in finding the philosopher through the exercise, the student becomes a philosopher by mastering his methods. She shows that the target of Plato’s exercise is internally related to its pedagogical purpose.
Saul Kripke : Puzzles and Mysteries
by John Burgess (Polity Press)
From the publisher: Saul Kripke has been a major influence on analytic philosophy and allied fields for a half-century and more. His early masterpiece, Naming and Necessity, reversed the pattern of two centuries of philosophizing about the necessary and the contingent. Although much of his work remains unpublished, several major essays have now appeared in print, most recently in his long-awaited collection Philosophical Troubles. In this book Kripke’s long-time colleague, the logician and philosopher John P. Burgess, offers a thorough and self-contained guide to all of Kripke’s published books and his most important philosophical papers, old and new. It also provides an authoritative but non-technical account of Kripke’s influential contributions to the study of modal logic and logical paradoxes. Although Kripke has been anything but a system-builder, Burgess expertly uncovers the connections between different parts of his oeuvre. Kripke is shown grappling, often in opposition to existing traditions, with mysteries surrounding the nature of necessity, rule-following, and the conscious mind, as well as with intricate and intriguing puzzles about identity, belief and self-reference. Clearly contextualizing the full range of Kripke’s work, Burgess outlines, summarizes and surveys the issues raised by each of the philosopher’s major publications. Kripke will be essential reading for anyone interested in the work of one of analytic philosophy’s greatest living thinkers.
Pittsburgh Summer Symposium in Contemporary Philosophy
Dept. of Philosophy
Call for Applications
We are pleased to announce the Pittsburgh Summer Symposium in Contemporary Philosophy, held at Duquesne University. Details for the program are as follows:
Schelling and Naturphilosophie
August 5 – 9, 2013
(Optional Participants’ Conference, August 3-4)
“What then is that secret bond which couples our mind to Nature, or that hidden organ through which Nature speaks to our mind or our mind to Nature?” (Ideas for a Philosophy of Nature)
“The concept of nature does not entail that there should also be an intelligence that is aware of it. Nature, it seems, would exist, even if there were nothing that was aware of it. Hence the problem can also be formulated thus: how does intelligence come to be added to nature, or how does nature come to be presented?” (System of Transcendental Idealism)
Prof. Iain Hamilton Grant (University of the West of England, Bristol)
Prof. Jason Wirth (Seattle University)
In recent years there has been a surge of research on the work of the German philosopher F.W.J. Schelling, aided in the English-speaking world by a number of recent translations. This movement has included reexaminations of Schelling as a figure in the history of philosophy, as a source of influence on a number of twentieth century thinkers, and as a rich resource for addressing contemporary philosophical debates.
Schelling’s distinctive influence in the history of philosophy has been, in part, a product of his objective approach to transcendental idealism. In opposition to Fichte’s Wissenschaftslehre, which argued that the subject must be the fundamental ground for transcendental idealism, Schelling argued that an objective approach, taking the form of Naturphilosophie, is equally necessary for explaining the subject-object form of knowledge. Additionally, in his later works, Schelling’s concepts of freedom, existence, and the non-ground, would give some of the earliest critiques of Hegel’s absolute idealism, and would later influence thinkers like Kierkegaard, Marx, and Nietzsche. In the twentieth century, the impact of his work would continue. His Freiheitsschrift, for instance, forms an important part of the conceptual context within which Martin Heidegger developed his notions of event, ground, and the plight of the human being, operative in the 1930s and early 40s. Likewise, Schelling’s influence profoundly marked Maurice Merleau-Ponty’s later ontology of the flesh, his understanding of art, the unconscious, and the provocative task of doing a “psychoanalysis of Nature.”
More recently, Iain Hamilton Grant has mobilized Schellingian Naturphilosophie as a basis for recasting epistemological and metaphysical or ontological issues regarding the relation of physics and metaphysics, the nature of time, the nature of ground, and more broadly calling for a radical reevaluation of the post-Kantian philosophical framework dominant over much of the last two centuries. This project has established one of the major arms of the recent movement to rethink the realist/anti-realist debate. Likewise, Jason Wirth has revitalized Schellingian accounts of the Good, intellectual intuition, aesthetics, nature, and life in contemporary debates. He has also worked to put Schelling into conversation with a number of other recent thinkers, both Western and, notably, of the Japanese Kyoto School.
Other contemporary philosophers have also taken up Schelling in related manners. Markus Gabriel, for instance, has integrated Schelling’s notion of non-ground into his “domain ontology” and its treatment of the nature of the world (or more properly the non-existence of the world), mythology, evil, contingency, and necessity. Further, in the Lacanian meta-psychology of Slavoj Žižek and Adrian Johnston, Schelling’s philosophy has been used to give an account for the genesis of the transcendental subject out of natural and material substance conceived with reference to Trieb, or drive.
This summer symposium will bring together interested graduate students, postdoctoral students, and junior faculty for a week of discussion, lecture, and close textual study concerning this important philosopher. The topic for the seminar is Schelling’s Naturphilosophie. We will examine questions about nature, objectivity, matter, life, knowledge, and whether or not transcendental philosophy can be reconciled with the findings of the empirical sciences. All texts and discussion will be in English.
We invite current graduate students, postdoctoral students, and junior faculty in philosophy or related disciplines to submit an application composed of a C.V. and a short letter of intent (500 words maximum) to firstname.lastname@example.org. The deadline for applications is April 5, 2013. The seminar will be limited to 20-30 participants. For more information as it becomes available, we have created a website for the symposium:
Participants’ Conference (August 3-4):
In order to facilitate a further exchange of ideas and research, a participants’ conference will be held the weekend before the seminar begins. Applicants who receive notice of acceptance as participants will be asked – if interested – to submit an abstract of up to 500 words on any theme related to the topic of the seminar. The participants’ conference will take place on Saturday and Sunday, August 3-4, 2013.
There will be a $125 registration fee for each participant of the seminar. This money will be used for a conference dinner, celebration, and daily expenses such as coffee, etc. Please note that participants will be responsible for arranging their own housing as well as financing most of their own meals for the duration of the symposium. However, with respect to lodging, we expect a number of arrangements with graduate students will be available on a first come, first serve basis.
Dept. of Philosophy
Dept. of Philosophy
Dept. of Philosophy
Dept. of Philosophy
It consists of scholarly editions of great writers and thinkers, usually the complete or collected works in the original language or in English translation. At present, our Past Masters holdings include the works of Anselm, Aquinas, Aristotle, Augustine, Descartes, Dewey, Feuerbach, Fichte, Foucault, Hegel, Hobbes, Hume, Kant, Kierkegaard, Leibniz, Locke, Marx and Engels, Merleau-Ponty, Nietzsche, Pascal, Peirce, Plato, Santayana, Schopenhauer, Spinoza, Wittgenstein, and Wollstonecraft.
We also have several period collections that contain many further important works: The Latin Background: 1100-1550, The Continental Rationalists, British Philosophy: 1600-1900, The Romantic Age, and Political Philosophy: Machiavelli to Mill.
Apart from the convenience of being able to read these works online, on a mobile device, or select sections to print, it’s also very handy to be able to search the full text. You can do this not only for individual works, but for whole collections as well. For example, if you know that Merleau-Ponty discusses marxisme in parts of his corpus, but you don’t know exactly where, Past Masters will create a neatly formatted list of the places in each work where the term occurs.
We are continuing to expand our access to Past Masters collections, so look out for new works to be added in the future.
Great heaps of new philosophy books have been arriving at Falvey lately. Here’s a sampling:
Leviathan (3 vols.)
by Thomas Hobbes, edited by Noel Malcolm (Oxford University Press)
From the publisher: Hobbes’s Leviathan is one of the most important philosophical texts in the English language, and one of the most influential works of political philosophy ever written. This is the first critical edition based on a full study of the manuscript and printing history. It is also the first edition to place the English text side by side with Hobbes’s later Latin version of it, complete with a set of notes in which the many passages that differ in the Latin are translated into English. So, for the first time, readers of Leviathan will be able to see every stage of the development of the text at a single glance. Both texts are fully annotated with explanatory notes. The editor’s Introduction, which takes up the whole of the first volume, gives a path-breaking account of the work’s context, sources, and textual history. This definitive edition will set the study of Hobbes’s masterwork on a new basis.
by Felix Guattari (Bloomsbury Academic)
From the publisher: Schizoanalytic Cartographies represents Félix Guattari’s most important later work and the most systematic and detailed account of his theoretical position and his therapeutic ideas. Guattari sets out to provide a complete account of the conditions of ‘enunciation’ – autonomous speech and self-expression – for subjects in the contemporary world. Over the course of eight closely argued chapters, he presents a breathtakingly new reformulation of the structures of individual and collective subjectivity. Based on research into information theory and new technologies, Guattari articulates a vision of a humanity finally reconciled with its relationship to machines. Schizoanalytic Cartographies is a visionary yet highly concrete work, providing a powerful vantage point on the upheavals of our present epoch, powerfully imagining a future ‘post-media’ era of technological development. This long overdue translation of this substantial work offers English-speaking readers the opportunity finally to fully assess Guattari’s contribution to European thought.
The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Cognitive Science
edited by Eric Margolis, Richard Samuels and Stephen P. Stich (Oxford University Press)
From the publisher: Recent research across the disciplines of cognitive science has exerted a profound influence on how many philosophers approach problems about the nature of mind. These philosophers, while attentive to traditional philosophical concerns, are increasingly drawing both theory and evidence from empirical disciplines — both the framing of the questions and how to resolve them. However, this familiarity with the results of cognitive science has led to the raising of an entirely new set of questions about the mind and how we study it, questions which not so long ago philosophers did not even pose, let alone address. This book offers an overview of this burgeoning field that balances breadth and depth, with articles covering every aspect of the psychology and cognitive anthropology. Each article provides a critical and balanced discussion of a core topic while also conveying distinctive viewpoints and arguments. Several of the articles are co-authored collaborations between philosophers and scientists.
Retrieving Aristotle in an Age of Crisis
by David Roochnik (SUNY Press)
From the publisher: In 1935 Edmund Husserl delivered his now famous lecture “Philosophy and the Crisis of European Humanity,” in which he argued that the “misguided rationalism” of modern Western science, dominated by the model of mathematical physics, can tell us nothing about the “meaning” of our lives. Today Husserl’s conviction that the West faces a crisis is no longer an abstraction. With the ever-present threat of nuclear explosion, the degradation of the oceans, and the possibility that climate change will wreak havoc on civilization itself, people from all walks of life are wondering what has gone so terribly wrong and what remedies might be available. In Retrieving Aristotle in an Age of Crisis, David Roochnik makes a lucid and powerful case that Aristotle offers a philosophical resource that even today can be of significant therapeutic value. Unlike the scientific revolutionaries of the seventeenth century, he insisted that both ordinary language and sense-perception play essential roles in the acquisition of knowledge. Centuries before Husserl, Aristotle was a phenomenologist who demanded that a successful theory remain faithful to human experience. His philosophy can thus provide precisely what modern European rationalism now so painfully lacks: an understanding and appreciation of the world in which human beings actually make their homes.
Textes dispersés I : esthétique et théorie de l’art / Miscellaneous Texts I: Aesthetics and Theory of Art
by Jean-Francois Lyotard, edited by Herman Parret (Leuven University Press)
From the publisher: This fourth volume in the series devoted to Jean-François Lyotard’s writings on contemporary art and artists presents nine essays on general aesthetics and the theory of art. They are published in the original French along with English translations on facing pages. Most of these texts, preserved in the Lyotard archives of the Bibliothèque Littéraire Jacques Doucet in Paris, are published here for the first time. They do not reveal ‘another Lyotard’ than the one whom we know through his major writings. Nevertheless, they cover the whole period of his production, from 1969 to 1997; and they make the development of his philosophy of art explicit. After the ‘libidinal’ conception of art in his early writings, the ‘Kantian twist’ of around 1980 places his view on art under the aegis of the sublime. These essays specify what, for Jean-François Lyotard, the hand of the painter means, as well as the gaze of the viewer, enamoured with resonant colours.
Par Adèle Van Reeth
Réalisation : Lionel Quantin
Lectures : Gilles Trinque
Le changement demande de l’inspiration, la réforme, de l’imagination, la révolution, un certain goût pour l’utopie. Depuis sa naissance, au début du 19ème siècle, le socialisme, des grands maitre-rêveurs utopiques aux sociaux-démocrates tempérés, ne cesse de se redéfinir par rapport à la nature et à l’ampleur du changement qu’il souhaite mettre en œuvre. Si toutes les écoles socialistes sont animées de cet élan pour transformer l’organisation sociale, comment faire tenir ensemble l’autonomie individuelle et l’unité sociale, surmonter la séparation entre société civile et société politique, concilier le matérialisme et le spiritualisme ? De l’idée aux faits, de l’idéologie aux mesures, du projet au concret, le socialisme se donne-t-il les moyens de répondre aux nécessités de changement qui sont le propre de la politique en général ?
Demain, Yvon Quiniou viendra s’interroger sur les différences entre marxisme et socialisme, mercredi, Juliette Grange vous présentera le projet utopique de Saint-Simon, et jeudi, Serge Audier proposera une nouvelle réflexion sur le socialisme en le confrontant à son soi-disant ennemi, le libéralisme.
Mais pour inaugurer en beauté et en règle cette semaine socialiste, j’ai le plaisir d’accueillir aujourd’hui l’historien Gilles Candar pour nous dresser le portrait nécessaire de Jean Jaurès.