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The Great War: WWI through a literary lens

WWI-era American Library Association ad; retrieved from http://boingboing.net/2010/02/14/wwi-pro-reading-ad.html

WWI-era American Library Association ad; retrieved from http://boingboing.net/2010/02/14/wwi-pro-reading-ad.html

Due to the shifting social and economic factors at the turn of the 20th century and the rise of the middle class, more people than ever before, from all levels of society, were literate. The rise in literacy contributed to not only the prolific creation of literature during and after WWI but also to the demand for and consumption of this literature.

Though both professional and amateur authors wrote throughout the period, much of the literature that we think of as World War I literature was written after the war during the 1920s and 30s and often dealt with issues such as shell shock, the difficulty that soldiers had returning to their old lives after the war, and the effect losses from war had on families.

The study of war literature was for a very long time, and still is to an extent, focused largely on male authors. It wasn’t until the late 20th century that the writing of women during and about the War began to receive attention. Catherine Reilly’s 1981 anthology, Scars Upon my Heart: Women’s Poetry and Verse of the First World War, is the first work strictly dedicated to examining women’s poetry and prose from World War I.

World War I also ushered in a new era of literature and heavily influenced literature in the decades following it. The world was faced with a sense of disillusionment that it had never faced in such a way before, and genres such as the hard-boiled detective novels sprung up with war veteran protagonists embittered and changed by their pasts, while authors such as H. P. Lovecraft explored themes of chaos, apathy and despair through a new kind of horror story.

Below I have selected a number of titles and web resources to literature written both during and following WWI that deals directly with the war and its impact.

Because not all literature written during the War directly deals with the War, I have also created a timeline depicting a selection of major literary publications alongside a selection of historical events between the years of 1914 and 1922.

Link to Timeline:

http://cdn.knightlab.com/libs/timeline/latest/embed/index.html?source=0Avs0oI7XtkWUdEhzel9pNFRMdFlNOXVmNHdGbTY1M0E&font=Bevan-PotanoSans&maptype=toner&lang=en&height=650

Parade’s End by Ford Madox Ford (book and beautiful HBO mini series)

Ford, Parade's End old cover

Parade’s End is a tetralogy by the English novelist and poet Ford Madox Ford published between 1924 and 1928. It is set mainly in England and on the Western Front in World War I, where Ford served as an officer in the Welsh Regiment.

Originally published as four individual novels Some Do Not (1924), No More Parades (1925), A Man Could Stand Up (1926), and Last Post (1928) they are now typically combined into one volume as Parade’s End. In 2012 Parade’s End was adapted as a five part miniseries for the BBC/HBO, with script by Tom Stoppard, starring Benedict Cumberbatch and Rebecca Hall.

All Quiet on the Western Front by Erich Maria Remarque

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All Quiet on the Western Front, first published in 1929, is a novel by Erich Maria Remarque, a German veteran of World War I. “The book describes the German soldiers’ extreme physical and mental stress during the war, and the detachment from civilian life felt by many of these soldiers upon returning home from the front.”

Made into a film in 1930 only a year after its publication, All Quiet on the Western Front was the first all-talking non-musical film to win the Best Picture Oscar. In 2009 it was announced that there would be a remake, but thus far nothing has come of it.

Scars Upon My Heart: Women’s Poetry and Verse of the First World War by Catherine Reilly 1981

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Scars Upon My Heart is a poetry anthology collected by Catherine Reilly,” and is the first work strictly dedicated to examining women’s poetry and prose from World War I.

The Harlem Hellfighters by Max Brooks

harlem_hellfighters_cover_art_a_p

This is a contemporary graphic novel by Max Brooks, author of World War Z. It focuses on the 369th infantry, an African American unit that spent more time in combat than any other American unit and returned home to face extreme discrimination from the US government.


The Waste Land
By T.S. Eliot.

Though not directly about the war The Waste Land published in 1922 is clearly a modernist product of a post war world of disillusionment, a theme carried forward in Eliot’s other writings such as his 1925 poem “The Hollow Men.” When the United States entered World War I in 1917, Eliot tried to join the U.S. Navy but was rejected for physical reasons.

First World War Poetry Digital Archive

Link to Eliot’s registration for WWI

Link to war related resource from our new online Eliot resource

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Dig Deeper: Dirty Diamonds

Dirty DiamondsOn Thursday, Oct. 30 at 3:00 p.m., in room 204 of Falvey Memorial Library, Claire Folkman and Kelly Phillips, co-editors of the all-girl comic anthology Dirty Diamonds, will discuss their comic careers, the life cycle of publishing small press comics, and the genesis of their joint publishing endeavors. They will walk through the development of the fifth issue of Dirty Diamonds, and detail the challenges and successes of their first foray into crowd-funding through Kickstarter.

Folkman maintains her studio at Mercer St. Studios in the Fishtown neighborhood of Philadelphia, where she works on her nationally-exhibited mail art, video performance, auto-bio comic and romance collage projects. Phillips is a cartoonist based out of West Philly. She is currently detailing the story of her teenage years as the moderately successful webmaster of a “Weird Al” Yankovic fan site in the comic series “Weird Me.” She likes to get angry, get food, and get to sleep. Their goal for Dirty Diamonds is to give the women of comics a dedicated outlet for telling their stories.

This event, sponsored by Falvey Memorial Library, the Writing Center, Gender and Women’s Studies, the English Department, and the Center for Innovation, Creativity, and Entrepreneurship, is free and open to the public.

For more information on Dirty Diamonds, Folkman, and Phillips, check out the links below, selected by Sarah Wingo, liaison librarian for English and theater.


Dig Deeper

Dirty Diamonds on Tumblr

Dirty Diamonds Store

All Geek To Me Interview

ABI/Inform Complete: Melamed, S. (2014, Mar 27). Daughters of riot grrrl. McClatchy – Tribune Business News Retrieved from http://ezproxy.villanova.edu/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/docview/1510333199?accountid=1485


Bonus:

Check out this picture of a few of our awesome librarians (Rob LeBlanc, Sarah Wingo, and Robin Bowles) hanging out at New York Comic Con 2014! I hope they were careful; Smaug looks like he’s planning something…

LIBS AT COMIC CON2


Sarah WingoDig Deeper links selected by Sarah Wingo, team leader – Humanities II, subject librarian for English, literature and theatre.

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Throwback Thursday: Homecoming 1962

The crowning of a Homecoming Queen is no longer part of the Homecoming tradition at Villanova University, but new events have been added. This year’s festivities include the football game (v. Morgan State), an outdoor festival, evening receptions, Hoops Mania, and the Dream for Eileen 5K. (If your interests this weekend are more scholarly, the library will maintain regular hours.)

Check out the October 31, 1962 issue of the The Villanovan in the Digital Library to read more about Homecoming in 1962.

Homecoming queen

Alumni Association President, Edward Donahue, crowns the Homecoming Queen, Pat Farren, on November 2, 1962. (Photo courtesy of University Archives)

 

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‘Cat in the Stacks: Homecoming

CAT-STAX

I’m Michelle Callaghan, a first-year graduate student at Villanova University. This is our new column, “‘Cat in the Stacks.” I’m the ‘cat. Falvey Memorial Library is the stacks. I’ll be posting about living that scholarly life, from research to study habits to embracing your inner-geek, and how the library community might aid you in all of it.


Get hyped: this weekend is Homecoming! To be honest, until a few days ago and some Wikipedia reading, I always thought Homecoming meant the first football game at home after a string of away games. As it turns out, while football is of course a super exciting part of homecoming, the people “coming home” are the alumni.

Warning: there are some feelings incoming. Prepare yourself.

 

Feelings

Obligatory Mean Girls gif.

To Wildcats from years gone by, Villanova is home and always will be. College is a second home to its students for hundreds of reasons, most obviously because a majority of students physically move into campus residences halls and apartments. College is their first home away home. But even for commuters and part-timers, colleges become emotionally significant dwellings. They become so much more than sterile buildings with desk-filled classrooms.

I am only two months into the Villanova experience as a grad student, so I feel like I have a connection with the first-year experience of campus, but I do vividly remember the first few months of my undergrad experience: the excitement, the fun, the new friends and new responsibilities. But I also remember anxiety, fear, and homesickness. I remember challenges and I remember mistakes.

The reason college becomes home for thousands upon thousands of people is not just because college is an exciting and fun place to live for a few semesters—it is home because it is a community of human beings learning how to think and learning how to live. It is home because it is, for so many students, the mostly-forgiving net where they take the first daring (or tentative) leaps into adulthood.

From the outside, college can look idyllic: beautifully manicured campuses filled with young thinkers thinking their ways to academic success. But from the inside, it is home: raw, feeling, and sometimes fraught, but a loving light. It’ll push you forward, but it will always welcome you back.

Now go check out the Homecoming event schedule!


Article by Michelle Callaghan, graduate assistant on the Communication and Service Promotion team. She is currently pursuing her MA in English at Villanova University.

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Dig Deeper: Remembering the Holocaust in Lithuania

We Are HereThis year’s annual Conscience of the Holocaust lecture, which will be held in room 204 of Falvey Memorial Library on Wednesday, Oct. 22 at 12:30 p.m., will feature Ellen Cassedy, speaker, journalist, author of non-fiction books, and Yiddish translator. Cassedy’s talk, “Remembering the Holocaust in Lithuania: Challenges, Controversies, and Hope for a More Tolerant Future” will explore how a nation scarred by genocide comes to terms with “the dark past.” Drawing on ten years of research into tolerance initiatives in Lithuania, award-winning author Ellen Cassedy will shine a spotlight on Holocaust remembrance in a land burdened with seemingly irreconcilable histories.

Ellen Cassedy’s We Are Here: Memories of the Lithuanian Holocaust (University of Nebraska Press, 2012), begins with a personal journey into the old Jewish heartland (land of her Jewish forebears), and then expands into a larger exploration.  The book won four national awards and was short-listed for the William Saroyan International Prize for Writing. Jewish Book World calls it “brilliantly balanced, totally engaging, and constantly penetrating.”

For more information on Ellen Cassedy, the history of the Holocaust in Lithuania, and other resources both online and here in Falvey, see the following links selected by Merrill Stein, liaison librarian for geography and political science.


Dig Deeper 

Ellen-head-shot-croppedSelected Internet resources

Ellen Cassedy site

Yad Vashem - The Beginning of the Final Solution, Murder of the Jews in the Baltic States

Holocaust Atlas of Lithuania

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

USC Shoah Foundation

Voices of the Holocaust

Center for Holocaust & Genocide Studies

 

Selected Falvey Databases

America: History and Life (EBSCO)

ATLA Religion Database (EBSCO)

Historical Abstracts (EBSCO)

Opposing Viewpoints Resources in Context (Gale)

Oxford Bibliographies – Political Science, International Relations

Philosophy Documentation Center Collection (POIESIS)

Political Handbook of the World (Sage/CQ Press)

Worldwide Political Science Abstracts (ProQuest)

 

Selected Guides

The Oxford handbook of genocide studies

Holocaust related encyclopedias

Course guide – Genocide and mass killing

 


Stein

Dig Deeper links selected by Merrill Stein, liaison librarian for geography and political science.

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A Golden Anniversary for Wonka’s Golden Tickets, and a Previously Unpublished Chapter to Read

A first edition of signed Charlie and the Chocolate Factory is currently available from the Antiquarian Booksellers Association of America for $25,000.

A first edition of signed Charlie and the Chocolate Factory is currently available from the Antiquarian Booksellers Association of America for $25,000.

As Charlie and the Chocolate Factory celebrates its golden anniversary this fall, news of an unpublished chapter from an early draft of Roald Dahl’s masterpiece emerges: “Roald Dahl draft spills Charlie and the Chocolate Factory secrets.”

It’s fun to imagine what could have been, but I doubt that the book would have been better even with the “vanilla fudge mountain” or additional golden tickets and ticket winners. What do you think?

Read the previously unpublished chapter in its entirety here.


Gerald info deskArticle by Gerald Dierkes, senior copy-editor for the Communication and Service Promotion team and a liaison to the Department of Theater.

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All about VUFind Infographic

VUFIND TIMELINE4


Infographic designed by Joanne Quinn with copy and invaluable assistance provided by Demian Katz and Darren Poley.

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‘Cat in the Stacks: Break

CAT-STAX

I’m Michelle Callaghan, a first-year graduate student at Villanova University. This is our new column, “‘Cat in the Stacks.” I’m the ‘cat. Falvey Memorial Library is the stacks. I’ll be posting about living that scholarly life, from research to study habits to embracing your inner-geek, and how the library community might aid you in all of it.


Break week is finally here! You’ve survived midterms, made it to mid-October! What hasn’t killed you has made you stronger. You’ve earned a break, so take it by the—oh. Wait. What’s that over there? It’s a huge “To Do” list of reading, writing, and studying looming for break week.

All This Work

For most of us, break week is not quite a vacation. But after a few collegiate semesters in my pocket, I’ve come to embrace it as a pretty special time—a stretch of days that can save or destroy my sanity for the second half of the semester. Really, getting a head start on final projects and research without having to worry about classes for a few days is pretty fantastic. And it’s not as if you have to spend every waking hour doing work (unless you’re in a really bad spot, in which case, grind away and Godspeed).

This year, my personal goal for break is to have a nice division of labor and chilling by following some personal guidelines.

How to Catch a Break During Break Week

Getting Up At Seven In The MorningAvoid sleeping in. I know you want to play video games until 3AM and sleep until mid-morning and then stare at your stack of articles with the intention of reading them but figure, hey, well I already wasted half the day, so why not just waste more? (Sorry, I’m projecting.) Getting up and getting work done early will free more of your afternoons and evenings for fun, and bonus: when break week is over, you won’t have to readjust to your class sleep schedule.

Work comfortably. You have to do classwork, sure, but there is one major difference… you get to do it in pajamas. Improve the atmosphere with a strong cup of hot coffee and a cat on your lap.

Create a schedule. I don’t know about you, but a huge portion of my homework time is usually spent trying to figure out exactly what I have to do—which pages to read, how long a paper has to be, when things are due. Lately, I’ve been marking everything well ahead of time, so that when it comes time to work, I can just get to work. Mark pages with Post-its or bookmarks. Lay out everything you need to work the night before you plan to do it (this also works for morning workouts!).

993dff014f860eReward yourself. I academically function on a positive reinforcement system. If I accomplish a set number of tasks on my to-do list during the day, I’ll indulge video games or Netflix at night. If you’re more extroverted than me (what do you expect? I’m a cat), plan some social outings.

When everything is said and done, and break week has ended, just remember… it’s only eight weeks until the end of the semester!


Article by Michelle Callaghan, graduate assistant on the Communication and Service Promotion team. She is currently pursuing her MA in English at Villanova University.

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VuFind Summit 2014 Welcomes Software Developers to Library, Oct. 13 & 14

VUFIND  LOGO

VuFind, an open source library search engine, is more powerful and user-friendly than the traditional online public access catalog (OPAC). Using VuFind, for example, Falvey’s catalog now enables users to perform just a single search to see not only books, media and articles but also Falvey-website items and books from other libraries—all on one page.

DAVELACY

David Lacy presents at VuFind ’13

The first VuFind 2.0 Summit occurred in Sept. 2010. It expanded to a VuStuff Conference in Oct. 2011. By Oct. 2012, VuFind had gained international recognition; this annual conference attracted librarians and technologists from Nepal, Portugal, Germany and Norway. The following year, this annual gathering of software developers featured several components, in addition to VuFind, and lasted a week. VuFind Summit 2014, the fifth annual VuFind conference, will take place for two days and focus exclusively on VuFind.

Presenters for this year’s conference come from the Murray Library at Messiah College, Historical Society of Pennsylvania, OCLC Developer Network and Falvey Memorial Library, to name a few. Falvey will host this event, and registration is required. Click here for registration information.

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Foto Friday: End of Summer

Grill

End of Summer

An agitation of the air,

A perturbation of the light

Admonished me the unloved year

Would turn on its hinge that night.

______

I stood in the disenchanted field

Amid the stubble and the stones,

Amazed, while a small worm lisped to me

The song of my marrow-bones.

_______

Blue poured into summer blue,

A hawk broke from his cloudless tower,

The roof of the silo blazed, and I knew

That part of my life was over.

________

Already the iron door of the north

Clangs open: birds, leaves, snows

Order their populations forth,

And a cruel wind blows.

 Stanley Kunitz

Stanley Kunitz, “End of Summer” from The Collected Poems of Stanley Kunitz. Copyright © 1953 by Stanley Kunitz.  Reprinted by permission of W. W. Norton & Company, Inc.

Laura Hutelmyer is the photography coordinator for the Communication and Service Promotion Team and Special Acquisitions Coordinator in Resource Management

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Last Modified: October 10, 2014