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Now in proofreading: Pretty Geraldine, the New York Salesgirl

Pretty GeraldineThe latest Mrs. Alex. McVeigh Miller novel to reach our proofreading project is Pretty Geraldine, the New York Salesgirl, part of a popular 19th-century movement of romances revolving around “working girls.” Like many Mrs. Miller novels, this started life as a story paper serial, running from January 26, 1895 to May 4, 1895 in Street & Smith’s New York Weekly.

To learn more about our proofreading efforts, which turn digital images from our collection into modern e-books, read this earlier post. To get involved and help with the work, visit the project page.

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A Challenge to Irish Music Aficionados

Calling all Irish music enthusiasts, here is a challenge for you!

PORTAL_CEILIThe archive of traditional Irish music in the Philadelphia Ceili Group collection in Villanova University’s Digital Library is growing steadily, now featuring over 200 recordings of Irish jigs, reels, and other tunes from performances at the annual Philadelphia Ceili Group Traditional Irish Music and Dance Festival.

Growing alongside this list is….the list of unidentified titles. Listen to this excerpt of a 1977 performance by the group DeDanann, in which the title is obscured:

“We’re going to start with two jigs, the first is called ‘The Munster Buttermilk’, and the second is called….” (Huh?!)

Kudos to anyone who can discern the title of the second jig!

Even better, if you are able to listen to that jig and identify the tune by ear, here is a further challenge for you….

Check out this search of the Digital Library.

All of these recordings contain pieces unidentified by their performers. Can you help to name these tunes?

Please send any information to stephen.spatz@villanova.edu. Thank you!

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Content Roundup – Second Week – March 2014

  • Posted by: Michael Foight
  • Posted Date: March 14, 2014
  • Filed Under: Content Roundup
"Off Half-Moon Reef. Chicago Ledger, v. XLVIII, no. 49, Saturday, December 4, 1920."

“Off Half-Moon Reef. Chicago Ledger, v. XLVIII, no. 49, Saturday, December 4, 1920.”

This week brings a strong offering of new materials for your reading pleasure! With wildly seesawing temperatures and the prospect of a neverending Winter, it is comforting to know that one can always look forward to something new to read to brighten the day!

Americana

The Allies

The Allies

Edward D. Forman WWI Postcard Collection (23 items added)
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:336023]


American Catholic Historical Society

"St. Mary's Church, Winchester, Mass."

“St. Mary’s Church, Winchester, Mass.”

Church Lithographs (Packard, Butler and Partridge Lithographs (36 added)
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:244578]

Elizabeth Sarah Kite Papers (6 items added)
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Collection/vudl:246243]

Dime Novel and Popular Literature

"Little Nobody"

“Little Nobody”

Fiction

Danesbury House / by Mrs. Henry Wood
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:331746]

A Window in Thrums / by J. M. Barrie
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:329891]

Little Nobody / by Mrs. Alex. McVeigh Miller
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:330002]

Periodicals

Chicago Ledger Masthead

Chicago Ledger (7 issues added)
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:337086]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:337111]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:333527]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:337750]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:337243]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:337276]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:333583]

"Le siège de Londres"

“Le siège de Londres”

La Guerre Infernale (1 issue added)
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:333131]

Penny Illustrated-Paper and Illustrated Times, v. 54, no. 1404, April 28, 1888.

Penny Illustrated-Paper and Illustrated Times, v. 54, no. 1404, April 28, 1888.

Penny Illustrated Paper (2 issues added)
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:336603]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:336621]


Joseph McGarrity Collection

Newspapers

The Gaelic American (1914: 14 issues added)
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:337473]


Philadelphia Ceili Group

1977

DeDannan (second set)
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:336773]

Tim Britton
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:337734]

World Collection

Captured Plane.

Documents de la Section Photographique de L’Armee Franðcaise, 1914-1916
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:338046]

Postcard, "1er Averil".

Postcard, “1er Averil”.

Postcard, “1er Averil”, [1890?]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:338104]

"Old Zeke.  Chicago Ledger, v. L, no. 9, Saturday, March 4, 1922."

“Old Zeke.
Chicago Ledger, v. L, no. 9, Saturday, March 4, 1922.”

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“Local News of the Week Condensed”: Ardmore Chronicle, April 13, 1907.

Post for: Susan Ottignon, Special Collections and Digital Library Team
Ardmore Chronicle - Volume XVII, No. 29, Saturday, April 13, 1907.

Ardmore Chronicle – Volume XVII, No. 29, Saturday, April 13, 1907.

Annotated and transcribed text from the digitized copy in the Historical Society of Montgomery County Collection.

 

LOCAL NEWS OF THE WEEK CONDENSED
————
Notes of General Interest Gathered Here and There Around Town.
————
BRIEF PERSONAL MENTION
————
Miss Harriet P. Cooper, of Philadelphia, addressed the Missionary Circle of the First Baptist Church Tuesday afternoon.

Secretary C. D. Bruckner, of the local Y. M. C. A., has been spending the last week in Pittsburg.

A cross-country run, open for all Lower Merion High School [1] boys, except last year’s track team, will be held on April 19. The winner will be awarded a gold medal.

The supper and bazaar given in Masonic Hall Tuesday evening by the ladies the Lutheran church was well attended.

Mr. Conrad Sheive, who comes up for renomination as District Attorney of this county at the June primaries, made a brief canvass of Ardmore on Tuesday.

Bert Simpson, of Narberth, who is traveling in the South with the U. P. [2] baseball team, has made a good showing in the pitchers’ box at several of the games.

The local office of the Lower Merion Directory has been established at No. 1 Colonial Block.

A runaway horse and cart belonging to Mr. Charles Frederick, of Ardmore, narrowly missed colliding with the team of Mr. Harry Bicking last Saturday at Wynnewood station.

Four new arc lights, supplied with electricity from the dynamo in the cellar, will be used in the gymnasium of the public school tonight during the musicale given by the High School.

Sam Lung has moved his laundry from the Y.M. C. A. Building to the location formerly Clinton’s barber shop.

Mrs. H. C. Franzen, who has been visiting Mr. Paul J. Kugler and Dr. Anna Kugler, left for her home in Hartford, Conn., this morning.

The members of the Lutheran church are getting ready for the production of “Who’s Next?” a comedy which promises barrels of fun.

The D. T. Society met last Saturday for their fortnightly assembly at the home of Miss Marguerite Goodman, on Simpson road.

Mr. and Mrs. William Mann entertained on Monday at their home, on Aubrey avenue, in honor of Mr. Mann’s birthday.

A Rummage Sale for the benefit of the Ardmore Free Library will be held April 27 to May 4, inclusive, at the old trolley station, Cricket avenue. Donations are solicited. Articles may be sent to the old trolley station during sale, or send a postal to Mrs. D. Bartlett, and they will be called for.

Miss Helen Morley, who has been visiting Miss Mary McGodlrick for the past month, leaves tonight for her home at Youngstown.

St. Denis’ I. C. B. U. [3] will give a euchre and dance in T. A. B. Hall on April 30.

Mr. Henry Kauffman, of Hackensack, N.J., has been the guest of his mother, Mrs. H. Kauffman, of Simpson road, during the week. On Tuesday evening he left for an extended trip to the Pacific Coast.

Miss Jane Cleaver has returned from a visit of several weeks at Huntingdon, Pa.

The seniors of the Lower Merion High School held their second reception last night in the gymnasium.

The Autocar [4] office team played a nine from the shops last Saturday in the first baseball game of the season. The office won, 11-5.

Mrs. F. Alison and family of, Lancaster avenue, removed yesterday to Chestnut Hill, where they will reside.

Mr. Clarence Piper, of Ardmore, after an absence of six months, has returned to work for his former employer, Mrs. John Cameron, of Bryn Mawr.

The prizes for the drawing to be held soon by St. Denis’ T. A. B. Society [5] are: First, $10; second, an umbrella; third, a suitcase; fourth, a pair of shoes made to order.

Dr. J. Howard Cloud has taken up permanent residence on Lancaster avenue, in the property recently purchased by him, and which was occupied by Mrs. Alison.

Miss Helen Condrick hasreturned [sic] from Pennsville, N. J., where she was visiting friends.

The baggage stand at the Ardmore station is being enlarged by a 20-foot extension.

The work of enlarging the store of the Elborn Hardware Company has been going on all week.

Rev. F. W. Staley spent part of the week in Harrisburg.

Don’t forget the lecture in St. Paul’s Lutheran Church next Thursday night, on “An Hour’s Ride With General Phil Sheridan.

The Christian Endeavor Society of the Baptist church of Ardmore held a business meeting and social at the residence of Mrs. J. E. Bourne on Tuesday evening.

Charley Cassell, of Ardmore, who was to have been tried out for the Ardmore baseball team, received an offer from Cornell University, and he left for Ithaca on Tuesday morning. He will try “pitching” his way through college.

The Hayloft of Blue Jacket Tribe, 395½, Imp. O. R. M. [6], full regalia, paid a visit to Manoa Tribe on Thursday evening. They had “a large time.”

A number of Ardmore people attended the T. A. B. dance at Rosemont on Thursday night.

————–
1. “Ruins of the Ardmore Public School (1900) — Photograph.” Collection: W. Robert Swartz. Lower Merion Historical Society Archives. Accessed 11 March 2014. <http://www.lowermerionhistory.org/photodb/web/html2/138-1.html>
2. University of Pennsylvania.
3. Irish Catholic Benevolent Association.
4. “Autocar in Lower Merion.” By David Schmidt, Special to Main Line Life. The Lower Merion History Society. Copyright © Lower Merion Historical Society. Accessed 11 March 2014. <http://lowermerionhistory.org/dev/sample-page/full-text-resources/david-j-schmidt-collection/278-2>
5. Temperance — Societies, etc.
6. ” . . . The fraternity traces its origins back to 1765 and is descended from the Sons of Liberty. . . ” The Improved Order of Red Men. Content © 1998-2014 The Improved Order of Red Men. All rights reserved. Accessed 11 March 2014. <http://redmen.org/redmen/info/>

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eBook available: “Farewell”

Little Golden's DaughterLike last week’s A Mock Idyl, this week’s eBook release is a story first found in a British periodical (in this case, Belgravia) and later reprinted as filler material in the back of the Favorite Library edition of Little Golden’s Daughter by Mrs. Alex. McVeigh Miller.

“Farewell” is a brief story of a chance meeting that leads to a mysterious relationship. Written in the first person, the story’s protagonist makes an interesting model of Victorian gentlemanly behavior, as exemplified by this excerpt, in which he takes an entire paragraph to figure out how to announce himself upon arriving at a door:

Then a question arose that gave me keen anxiety for a minute or two. Ought I to ring or knock? To ring seemed timid—almost cowardly. Yet what sort of knock could I give? As a messenger from a shop I had no right to give other than that single knock which had often given me so much anguish. Coming on such an invitation such a knock was clearly out of place. And yet a double knock—at least a loud one—might seem presumptuous—seem imperative. So at last I gave a knock which I intended to be a very quiet double knock, but which, I am afraid, was a very queer and tremulous one, and in a minute or so the door was opened by a maid-servant.

If you wish to read the entire tale (which features some twists and turns in addition to dilemmas of etiquette), you can find it available online (and downloadable in popular eBook formats) at Project Gutenberg.

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Content Roundup – First Week – March 2014

  • Posted by: Michael Foight
  • Posted Date: March 7, 2014
  • Filed Under: Content Roundup

This week sees a variety of new content, so as the snow melts, let your eyes wander and start reading something new…

Trench Art

Trench Art

Americana

Collection of postcards from Edward D. Forman

Postcards (28 added)
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:336023]


Dime Novel and Popular Literature

Fiction

The boy aviators with the air raiders : a story of the great world war / by Captain Wilbur Lawson
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:330773]

The ocean wireless boys on war swept seas / by Capt. Wilbur Lawton
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:330441]

The willing captive, or, The woodyard mystery : a tale of Ohio river life / by J. Stanley Henderson.
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:330306]

Dick Doom’s Diamond Deal; or, Billy, the Bell-Boy Detective / by Col. Prentiss Ingraham.
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:336430]

Arm Chair Library (2 issues added)
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:332843]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:332913]

Periodicals

Chicage Ledger

Chicago Ledger (17 issues added)
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:330352]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:330378]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:332983]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:333013]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:330408]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:336448]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:336477]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:336507]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:336537]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:333039]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:333065]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:333249]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:333390]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:333416]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:333442]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:333472]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:333498]

Chimney Corner (1 issue added)
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:329984]

New York Ledger (2 issues added)
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:333777]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:333787]

Pennsylvaniana

Two Sportsmen

Photo Album of Laird C. Robinson of Philadelphia, 1904.
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:334294]

Historical Society of Montgomery County

Easter Issue

Easter Number, 1906


Ardmore Chronicle

1906 [31 issues added]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:319743]

1907 [26 issues added]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:336730]

World Collection

Jones Collection and Battle of the Barents Sea

18 letters, messages and orders added
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:41277]


Philadelphia Ceili Group

1977

DeDanann (first set)
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:336731]

Tony DeMarco and Brian Conway
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:336754]

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eBook available: A Mock Idyl

Little Golden's DaughterThis week, we have contributed another eBook to Project Gutenberg: A Mock Idyl, by Percy Ross. This light story of the friendship and loves of a self-styled school teacher and a sailor was originally serialized in two parts in Longman’s Magazine in 1886. It was later used as filler material in the back of the Favorite Library edition of Little Golden’s Daughter by Mrs. Alex. McVeigh Miller.

You can read the entire story online at Project Gutenberg, where it can also be downloaded in a variety of popular eBook formats.

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Fathers and Sons of the American Navy

Posted for William Robinson, Spring 2014 Digital Library Intern.

The Digital Library at Villanova continues to digitize and transcribe the Barry-Hayes Papers, owned by the Independence Seaport Museum. The papers remind us that in the 19th century, sons often followed their fathers into a certain line of work. The collection has many letters written by the relatives of Commodore John Barry, considered a “father of the American Navy”, that discuss the naval and merchant careers of the sons of Revolutionary War era naval officers. In “Letter, To: ‘My Dear Son’ From: Mother Elizabeth Hayes, February 21, 1815”, Elizabeth Keen Hayes, the daughter-in-law of John Barry, tells her son Thomas Hayes, a midshipman at Boston Navy Yard, about the injuries of Richard Dale Jr. Dale Jr. was the son of Richard Dale, one of the original commodores of the Continental Navy who had fought under the command of John Barry and John Paul Jones during the Revolutionary War. In January 1815, serving aboard the U.S.S. President in the War of 1812, the British took him prisoner after he was struck by a cannonball in a sea battle off the coast of Bermuda. Elizabeth Hayes has received news from Richard Dale that Dale Jr. has been injured, but still hopes for his recovery: “the report is that is most relyd on he has lost his leg his father is in some respects prepared for it but his mother flatters herself it is not so. I pray sincerely it may only prove a slight wound, the day the President was captured Richard was twenty years old”. Hayes also discusses a letter from Stephen Decatur Jr. to Mrs. Dale describing her son’s injuries. Decatur Jr. was a celebrated naval commander in the Barbary Wars, the Quasi-War with France, and the War of 1812, and his own father was a naval officer who had fought in the Revolutionary War. Hayes reports that “Mr Dale wounded and doing well was all Decatur said respecting Richard”.

Letter, To: "My Dear Son"

The letter gives an interesting glimpse into the generational influence of naval warfare, the pace of communication in 1815, and the anxiety felt by a mother over her son’s work. The letter has references to three descendants of Revolutionary War era naval officers; Thomas Hayes, Richard Dale Jr., and Stephen Decatur Jr. Elizabeth Hayes can only speculate about the injuries of Richard Dale Jr. and must wait for more information. She expects that Dale’s mother will not admit the severity of her son’s injury, but his father is more prepared to accept bad news. Elizabeth Hayes also expresses worry about Thomas coming to harm in the war as a midshipman. She writes “you may judge my dear son of my feelings when I had you constantly before my eyes and did not know how soon it might be your lot, but thank God, Peace the sweet sound has revived my drooping spirits and giving me the hart felt pleasure that I will see my see my son again ere long”. The Treaty of Ghent, ending the War of 1812, was signed in December 1814, but it was ratified in Washington only days before Hayes sent the letter to her son. In the time the Treaty of Ghent reached Washington, Richard Dale Jr.’s injuries worsened and he died in captivity in Bermuda.

Stephen Decatur, commander of the USS President, courtesy of Wikimedia Commons.

Stephen Decatur, commander of the USS President, courtesy of Wikimedia Commons.

Read more manuscripts from the Barry-Hayes Papers.

Find out more about the collection in the Barry-Hayes Papers finding aid, developed by the Independence Seaport Museum.

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Content Roundup – Last two weeks of February 2014

  • Posted by: Michael Foight
  • Posted Date: February 28, 2014
  • Filed Under: Content Roundup

As the snow continues to fall and the pot holes enlarge into moon craters, sit back and read a vintage text as a stress reliever! Our VuDL software upgrade continues apace and we are continually adding new content: New newspapers! New Fiction! A Great War scrapbook! New 1840′s issues of the Catholic Directory! New Packard, Butler and Partridge Lithographs! And even a new Podcast! And with Spring just a few weeks away, it can never be too early to plan for beach reading.

Americana


Scrapbook, Homefront – Atlantic City, 1918.
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:329780]

Catholica

American Catholic Historical Society

Church Lithographs (Packard, Butler and Partridge Lithographs (50 more added)
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:244578]

Official Catholic Directory

1843

The Metropolitan Catholic Almanac and Laity’s Directory for the year of our Lord 1842.
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:325123]

The Metropolitan Catholic Almanac and Laity’s Directory for the year of our Lord 1843.
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:325604]


Sisters of the Order of Saint Basil the Great

Sisters

Illustrated Calendar of the Orphan’s Home
1921
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:318639]
1922
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:320292]
1923
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:332632]
1924
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:320098]

Dime Novel and Popular Literature

Fiction

Valerie / by Captain Marryat. Riverside Library (1 issue added)
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:330216]

Bob

Yankee Bob, the young scout of the Rappahannock / by Ralph Morton. Wide Awake Library (1 issue added) [http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:330288]

Paratextual Materials

The fiction factory : being the experience of a writer who, for twenty-two years, has kept a story-mill grinding successfully / by John Milton Edwards (i.e. William Wallace Cook).
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:329586]

Periodicals

Chimney Corner (1 issue added)
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:329966]

The New York Ledger (4 issues from 1857)
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:333913]

People’s Home Journal (4 issues added)
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:333639]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:333657]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:333679]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:333697]

The Spare Change Library Podcast

Bride of the Tomb podcast, Chapters 22-27
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:286583]

Independence Seaport Museum

Barry Hayes Papers

Series VIII Ships’ Papers (50 item added)
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Collection/vudl:318371]


Joseph McGarrity Collection


Newspapers

"Martin Sheridan at Work".  Gaelic American, v. XV, No. 14, April 6, 1918.

“Martin Sheridan at Work”. Gaelic American, v. XV, No. 14, April 6, 1918.

The Gaelic American (1918: 19 issues added)
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:329578]

"Atlantic City: All the Time".

“Atlantic City: All the Time”.

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Digital Library upgrade provides enhanced discovery

Villanova University’s Digital Library has recently upgraded its discovery interface, introducing a more detailed search experience. This represents the first major upgrade of the application’s existing structure which was introduced a year ago when it was migrated to a Fedora-Commons Repository and debuted a public interface utilizing the Open Source faceted search engine VuFind.

Part 1 – Modeling the Repository

First we will discuss the systems architecture and components. Fedora (Flexible Extensible Digital Object Repository Architecture) provides the core architecture and services necessary for digital preservation, all accessible through a well-defined Application Programming Interface (API). It also provides numerous support services to facilitate harvesting, fixity, and messaging. It also supports the Resource Description Framework (RDF) by including the Mulgara triple store.

fig1

Figure 1

It is through these RDF semantic descriptions that Fedora models the relationships between the objects within the repository. An object’s RDF description contains declarative information regarding what kind of object it is. In our case we created one top-level model (CoreModel) that describes attributes commons among all objects (thumbnails, metadata, licensing information) and two second-level models that represent all basic shapes in the repository (Collections and Data). Collections represent groups of objects and Data objects represent the actual content being stored. (See Figure 1)

Figure 2

Figure 2

From here we further extrapolated these two models into specific types. Collections can be either Folders or Resources and Data objects can be Images, Audio files, Documents, etc. (See Figure 2)

Figure 3

Figure 3

Another important component found within the RDF description is the object’s relationship to other objects. It is this relationship that organizes Resources with their Parent Folder, and book pages within their parent Resource. (See Figure 3)

Look at the following RDF description for our Cuala Press Collection. You can see that it contains two “hasModel” relationships stating that it is both a Collection and Folder (Fedora does not support inheritance in favor of a mixin approach). Note also the one “isMemberOf” relationship referencing vudl:3, the top-level collection of the Digital Library.

<rdf:RDF xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#" xmlns:fedora="info:fedora/fedora-system:def/model#" xmlns:rel="info:fedora/fedora-system:def/relations-external#">
  <rdf:Description rdf:about="info:fedora/vudl:2001">
    <fedora:hasModel rdf:resource="info:fedora/vudl-system:CollectionModel"/>
    <fedora:hasModel rdf:resource="info:fedora/vudl-system:FolderCollection"/>
    <rel:isMemberOf rdf:resource="info:fedora/vudl:3"/>
  </rdf:Description>
</rdf:RDF>

A more detailed explanation of this data model was presented at Open Repositories 2013. Abstract

Part 2 – The Discovery Layer

Villanova’s Falvey Library is the focal point and lead development partner for VuFind, an Open Source search engine designed specifically around the discovery of bibliographic content. Its recently redesigned core provides a flexible model for searching and displaying our Digital Library, making it the perfect match for the public interface.

The backbone of VuFind is Apache Solr, a Java-based search engine. A simple explanation of how it works is that you put “records” into the Solr search index, each containing predefined fields (title, author, description, etc), and then the application can search through the contents of the index with high speed and efficiency.

Our initial index contained all Resource and Folders from the repository, which allows us to browse through collections by hierarchy, and search receiving both Resources and Folders in the results.

Figure 4

Figure 4

An early enhancement to the browse module made available Collections that reside in multiple locations. For example our Dime Novel collection contains sub-collections whose resources can exist in 2 places. (See Figure 4)
Look at the Buffalo Bill collection and notice how its breadcrumb trail denotes residency in multiple places. This is achieved by adding an additional “is MemberOf” relationship in its RDF description:

<rdf:RDF xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#" xmlns:fedora="info:fedora/fedora-system:def/model#" xmlns:rel="info:fedora/fedora-system:def/relations-external#">
  <rdf:Description rdf:about="info:fedora/vudl:279438">
    <fedora:hasModel rdf:resource="info:fedora/vudl-system:CollectionModel"/>
    <fedora:hasModel rdf:resource="info:fedora/vudl-system:FolderCollection"/>
    <rel:isMemberOf rdf:resource="info:fedora/vudl:280419"/>
    <rel:isMemberOf rdf:resource="info:fedora/vudl:280425"/>
  </rdf:Description>
</rdf:RDF>

Part 3 – The Upgrade

The existing search interface supports “full text” searching. We routinely perform Optical Character Recognition (OCR) using Google’s Tesseract application, on all scanned Resources, storing this derivative in the accompanying Data object. When the parent Resource is ingested into Solr, a loop is performed over all of the associated child Data objects, grabbing their OCR file and stuffing it into the full text field for the Resource. This works, as it will match searches from that particular page of the book and direct the patron to the parent Resource, but from there it is often difficult to determine what page matched the query.

Figure 5

Figure 5

A solution to this dilemma was achieved by including all Data objects in the Solr index. This would allow specific pages to be searched in the catalog, leading users to the individual pages that match the query. The first obvious problem with this idea is that the search results would then be cluttered with individual pages, and not the more useful Folders and Resources. This was ultimately overcome by taking advantage of a newer feature in Solr called Field Collapsing. This allows the result set to be grouped by a particular field in Solr. (See Figure 5) In our case we group on the parent Resource, which allows us to display the Resource in the result set and the page which was matched. (See Figure 6) A live example of this can be seen here.

Figure 6

Figure 6

We are pleased to make this available to the world, with the hopes that it will be helpful.

Happy searching…

Useful Links

The components of our infrastructure are all Open Source, freely available applications.

Fedora-Commons Repository
The backbone of the system

VuFind
The public Discovery interface

VuDL
The admin used to ingest objects into Fedora

File Information Tool Set (FITS)
A file metadata extraction tool

Tesseract
A OCR engine

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Last Modified: February 18, 2014