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eBook available: The Wonder of War on Land

WonderOur third World War I-themed children’s novel (following The Liberty Girl and The Brighton Boys in the Trenches) is now available in eBook format thanks to our collaboration with the Distributed Proofreaders project.

This book, Francis Rolt-Wheeler’s The Wonder of War on Land, is quite an unusual creation. It is a novel about a young American boy who witnesses German attacks on Belgium early in the war and becomes increasingly involved in the unfolding conflict. In spite of its fictional nature, it looks like a work of non-fiction, illustrated throughout with photographs (often unrelated to the text) and making fairly heavy use of footnotes (sometimes to cite sources of anecdotes shared by characters, sometimes to indicate places where events have been presented out of historical order).

The actual text of the story is just as unusual as its formatting. After an introduction proclaiming the author’s desire “[t]o give the boys of the United States a fair viewpoint on this war,” the reader is presented with the novel itself, a strange mix of lengthy didactic monologues, pro-French/anti-German propaganda, bizarre incidents, surprisingly unrestrained violence, and periodic hints of the supernatural. By the time our hero is fleeing Belgium in the company of a friendly hunchback and a caged eagle which he captured in hand-to-wing combat as a symbol of victory, it is clear that this is not quite the typical war novel.

The book never quite seems to know what it wants to be — a textbook, an inspirational adventure novel, a document of the horrors of war — and so it never quite meshes into a satisfying whole. However, the fact that it is such an odd hodge-podge makes it an interesting study, and the unusual biography of the author may serve to shed some light on its eccentricities.

If you wish to see the whole thing for yourself, the book can be read online or downloaded in various popular eBook formats through Project Gutenberg.

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Now in proofreading: The Ocean Wireless Boys on War Swept Seas

The Ocean Wireless Boys on War Swept SeasLike our previous Distributed Proofreaders project, The Boy Aviators with the Air Raiders, our latest title, The Ocean Wireless Boys on War Swept Seas, is a World War I adventure story aimed at young readers and written by Captain Wilbur Lawton (actually a pseudonym of journalist John Henry Goldfrap). While Air Raiders was released before U.S. involvement in the conflict, War Swept Seas came out in 1917, closer to the end of the war. This title also marks the final volume in the Ocean Wireless Boys series, immediately following The Ocean Wireless Boys in the Pacific, which was made available in eBook format as a result of one of our earlier projects.

If you are interested in helping this concluding adventure join its predecessor in the electronic age, you can read this earlier post about how the process works, and then visit the project page to begin preparing pages for Project Gutenberg.

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Content Roundup – Third Week – April 2014

  • Posted by: Michael Foight
  • Posted Date: April 17, 2014
  • Filed Under: Content Roundup

Just a few new items to read as we enter into the abbreviated holiday season. Enjoy the lovely Spring weather!

American Catholic Historical Society

Elizabeth Sarah Kite (31 added items)
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Collection/vudl:246243]

Dime Novel and Popular Literature

Covers and Illustrations

Boy Allies (cover and frontispiece)
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:345350]

Magnet/New Magnet Library (5 covers)
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:345375]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:345378]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:345381]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:345384]

Periodicals

Front cover, The Daily Graphic, v. XXVIII, no. 2829, Friday, April 28, 1882.

Front cover, The Daily Graphic, v. XXVIII, no. 2829, Friday, April 28, 1882.

Daily Graphic (4 issues added)
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:344416]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:344426]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:344446]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:344456]

Penny Illustrated (1 issue)
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:345354]


Great War

Gefreiter Möllering Papers (1 postcard added)
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:344414]

Independence Seaport Museum

Barry-Hayes Papers

Series LVIII Ships’ Papers (22 items added)
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:318371]

Joseph McGarritty Collection

Das Dienstags=blatt (7 issues added)
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:344779]

World

Le Theatre (8 issues added)
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Collection/vudl:47598?recordID=vudl%3A344703]

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Content Roundup – Second Week – April 2014

  • Posted by: Michael Foight
  • Posted Date: April 11, 2014
  • Filed Under: Content Roundup
Calvin F. Hartzel.  Scrapbook, Perkasie World War I Tobacco Fund Book.

Calvin F. Hartzel. Scrapbook, Perkasie World War I Tobacco Fund Book.

As the weather heats up, so do the wonderful opportunities to find a newly digitized newspaper, book, or manuscript to read! This week, sees our inaugural materials from our newest Digital Library Partner, the Perkasie Historical Society , and includes a community scrapbook of biographies and photographs from veterans from the Great War. This massive scrapbook is one of the real gems that digital collaboration makes accessible to the broad range of scholars and the public at large and demonstrates how Villanova University is truly a service organization. So sit back and look at the faces and images from bygone days, made immediate.

American Catholic Historical Society

Elizabeth Sarah Kite (45 added items)
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Collection/vudl:246243]

Church of St. John the Baptist, Burlington, Iowa, Jesuit Fathers.

Church of St. John the Baptist, Burlington, Iowa, Jesuit Fathers.

Church Lithographs -Packard, Butler and Partridge Lithographs (53 items added)
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:244578]


Dime Novel and Popular Literature


Fiction

The curse of Pocahontas / by Wenona Gilman. (The Hart Series)
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:344780]


Periodicals

The Daily Graphic, v. IV, no. 390, Friday, June 5, 1874.

The Daily Graphic, v. IV, no. 390, Friday, June 5, 1874.

Daily Graphic (24 issues added)
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:338168]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:338178]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:339306]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:339316]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:339326]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:339338]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:339348]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:339358]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:339368]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:344436]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:340394]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:340404]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:340414]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:340424]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:340432]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:344254]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:344262]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:344272]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:344282]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:344292]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:344466]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:344476]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:344486]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:344496]

The Spare Change Library Podcast

Mittie’s Storytime (Bride of the Tomb, Chapter 30 added)
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:286583]

Independence Seaport Museum

Barry-Hayes Papers

Series LIX Letters (4 letters added)
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:341329]

Joseph McGarrity Collection

Newspapers

Pennsylvanische Staats-Gazette, 17 jahrgang, no. 68, September 16, 1914.

Pennsylvanische Staats-Gazette, 17 jahrgang, no. 68, September 16, 1914.

Pennsylvanische Staats-Gazette (7 issues added)
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:344415]

Das Dienstags=blatt, May 9, 1916.

Das Dienstags=blatt (8 issues added)
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:344779]

Perkasie Historical Society

Marie H. Riess, Scrapbook, Perkasie World War I Tobacco Fund Book.

Marie H. Riess, Scrapbook, Perkasie World War I Tobacco Fund Book.

Scrapbook, Perkasie World War I Tobacco Fund Book
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:345016]

Newsletter, “To the Boys in Service, A Merry Chrismas and a Happy New Year”, November 15, 1918.
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:345012]

p. 104, The Daily Graphic, v. XVIII, no. 1764, Friday, November 15, 1878.

p. 104, The Daily Graphic, v. XVIII, no. 1764, Friday, November 15, 1878.

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Now in proofreading: The Boy Aviators with the Air Raiders

The Boy Aviators with the Air RaidersThe first World War entered American popular culture some time before America entered the war. This fact is evidenced by our latest title available as a Distributed Proofreaders project, The Boy Aviators with the Air Raiders. This book, part of an ongoing series of airplane-themed children’s adventure novels, plunges its youthful protagonists into the conflict as early as 1915.

If you are interested in helping produce a new eBook edition of this vintage title, you can read more about our proofreading efforts in this earlier post, then dive into the project page here.

 

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Content Roundup – First Week – April 2014

  • Posted by: Michael Foight
  • Posted Date: April 4, 2014
  • Filed Under: Content Roundup
Frank Leslie's Chimney Corner, v. XXIX, no. 736, July 5, 1879

Frank Leslie’s Chimney Corner, v. XXIX, no. 736, July 5, 1879

This week finds a wide variety of new materials from a large number of collections! Dig in and start reading now that the confluence of “Spring” and “Daylight Savings Time” gives us all more hours of daylight to enjoy!

Catholica

American Catholic Historical Society

Elizabeth Sarah Kite (50 added items)
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Collection/vudl:246243]


Catholic Library Association

Guide to Catholic Literature (volume 3 added)
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:343030]

Society of the Holy Child Jesus

Cornelia Connelly : 1809-1879 : Foundress Society of the Holy Child Jesus.
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:334867]

Source, Issue, No. 7, Autumn, 1977.
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:334889]

Cornelia Connelly’s innovations in female education, 1846-1864
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:335188]

Beatification and Canonization of the Servant of God Cornelia Connelly (3 volumes added)
vol. 63
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:334460]
vol. 65
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:334656]
vol. 66
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:334959]

Dime Novel and Popular Literature

Fiction

Dick Doom, the Death Grip Detective; or, The Sharps and Sharks of New York / by Col. Prentiss Ingrahm
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:343696]

Les Chevaliers de l’Espace / Henri d’Orcines
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:333091]

The Flying Dutchman : A tale of the sea (Lakeside Library)
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:330250]

Periodicals

The Leader (1 issue added, April 7, 1917)
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:344510]

New York Weekly (2 issues added)
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:344197]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:344207]

Penny Illustrated-Paper and Illustrated Times, v. 52, no. 1342, February 19, 1887.

Penny Illustrated-Paper and Illustrated Times, v. 52, no. 1342, February 19, 1887.

Penny Illustrated (10 issues added)
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:337208]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:337174]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:337191]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:337225]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:337569]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:337587]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:337605]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:338117]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:338134]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:338151]

Frank Leslie's Chimney Corner, v. XXIX, no. 733, June 14, 1879.

Frank Leslie’s Chimney Corner, v. XXIX, no. 733, June 14, 1879.

Chimney Corner (10 issues added)
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:337474]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:337492]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:339234]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:339252]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:339270]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:339288]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:343965]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:343983]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:344218]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:344236]


Independence Seaport Museum

Series LVIII Ships’ Papers (41 letters added)
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:318371?type=AllFields&page=20]

Series LIX Letters (6 letters added)
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:341329]


Joseph McGarrity Collection

Books

The St. Columba Irish Copy-Books : No. 1 / by Daniel Lynch
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:343922]

The Book of the prophet Wudro and the fifth book of the kings of Eng

The Book of the prophet Wudro and the fifth book of the kings of Eng

The Book of the prophet Wudro and the fifth book of the kings of Eng
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:331205]

Newspaper

The Gaelic American (1918: 32 issues added)
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:329578]

(1920: 3 issues added)
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:344588]

World

Great War

Postcard, Battle of Vissincourt-Mussey, [n.d.].
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:343952]

Postcard, WWI Tirailleurs Algeriens, July 14, 1951.
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:343956]

Seager Letters (2 letters added)
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:341946]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:341954]

 The Gaelic American - Vol. XV, No. 50, December 14, 1918.


The Gaelic American – Vol. XV, No. 50, December 14, 1918.

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April fish!

  • Posted by: Laura Bang
  • Posted Date: April 1, 2014
  • Filed Under: Holidays, World

A late-19th-century "April fish" postcard depicting a man by the sea with a bouquet of fish.

A late-19th-century “April fish” postcard.


There are many theories about the origins of April Fool’s Day celebrations. One such theory is that it originated in France in the 16th century when King Charles IX adopted the Gregorian calendar, moving the start of the year from the end of March to January 1. Legend has it that the people who continued to celebrate the New Year on April 1 were mocked and had pranks played on them.

Despite its popularity, this is a questionable theory, as Alex Boese, curator of the Museum of Hoaxes, points out. The calendar reform was not a sudden change but rather a gradual process throughout the 16th century. In addition, the French New Year prior to the reform was officially celebrated on Easter, which is a holiday based on the lunar calendar and thus has no official relationship to April 1.

Another French origin story for April Fool’s Day points out the large numbers of newly-hatched fish that populated the rivers in April. These young fish were easy to catch and thus became known as “poisson d’Avril” or “April fish.” Celebrating the arrival of these easy-to-catch fish led to people playing pranks on each other and the still-practiced French custom of trying to tape a paper fish to someone’s back and dubbing them a “poisson d’Avril.” The postcard above is an example of poisson d’Avril greetings that were especially popular in the late-19th- and early-20th-centuries.

Regardless of the actual origins of April Fool’s celebrations, be on your guard today and beware the poisson d’Avril!

Further reading:
April Fools’ Day
April Fools’ Day Mystery: How Did It Originate? (National Geographic)
The Origin of April Fool’s Day (The Museum of Hoaxes)
What Is April Fools’ Day? How Did It Begin? (Huffington Post Canada)

And don’t miss the Museum of Hoaxes’ April Fool Archive!

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Content Roundup – Fourth Week – March 2014

  • Posted by: Michael Foight
  • Posted Date: March 28, 2014
  • Filed Under: Content Roundup
"The Lions", [33] p.,  West Coast of North America scrapbook.

“The Lion’s”, [33] p., West Coast of North America scrapbook.

This week brings us a number of new items to read and – with the addition of another episode of the Bride of the Tomb podcast – listen to. Especially noteworthy, is a scrapbook of German travelers visiting the Western Coast of the United States just after the conclusion of the First World War and the growing collection of available issues of the Chicago Ledger. Pull us a chair, sit back, and read!

American Catholic Historical Society

Elizabeth Sarah Kite (42 added items)
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Collection/vudl:246243]

Records (v. 13: 22 items described)
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:215458]

Americana

Great War (1 letter added: Letter, From: Augustus Trowbridge To: Edwin Plimpton Adams, July 7, 1917)
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:341942]

Dime Novel and Popular Literature

Fiction

The spider and the fly, or, An undesired love / by Charles Garvice
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:341331]

p. 583, La Guerre Infernale, no. 19.

583 p., La Guerre Infernale, no. 19.

La Guerre Infernale (2 issues)
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:333169]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:333211]

Periodicals

Day's Doings

The Days’ Doings (1 issue added)
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:336567]

Front cover,Chicago Ledger, v. L, no. 23, Saturday, June 10, 1922.

Front cover, hicago Ledger, v. L, no. 23, Saturday, June 10, 1922.

Chicago Ledger (9 issues):
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:337900]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:338234]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:338188]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:338209]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:335601]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:337780]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:337810]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:337840]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:337870]

433 p., Penny Illustrated-Paper and Illustrated Times, v. 41, no. 1068, December 24, 1881.

433 p., Penny Illustrated-Paper and Illustrated Times, v. 41, no. 1068, December 24, 1881.

Penny Illustrated (4 issues added)
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:336585]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:337140]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:337622]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:337157]

The Spare Change Library Podcast

Mittie’s Storytime (The Bride of the Tomb: chapter 29 added)
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:286583]

Independence Seaport Museum

Series LVIII Ships’ Papers (62 letters added)
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:318371?type=AllFields&page=15]

Front, Letter, To: John Leamy, October 24.

Front, Letter, To: John Leamy, October 24.

Series LIX Letters (7 letters added)
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:341329]

Joseph McGarrity Newspaper Collection

The Gaelic American (1914: 14 issues added)
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:337473]


World

[1] p.,  West Coast of North America scrapbook.

[1] p., West Coast of North America scrapbook.

West Coast of North America scrapbook
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:322725]

"The Two Sentries", [26] p.,  West Coast of North America scrapbook.

“The Two Sentries”, [26] p., West Coast of North America scrapbook.

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Now in proofreading: Motor Matt; or, The King of the Wheel

Motor Stories #1A few months ago, we introduced you to Motor Matt, hero of the Motor Stories dime novels. Now, the first of his adventures is the latest of our books to become available through the Distributed Proofreaders project.

This particular proofreading project is being managed by a partner within the Distributed Proofreaders community rather than by the Falvey Library team; this partnership should mean that a greater amount of our content will be converted to eBook format more quickly than before. Watch for more Motor Matt adventures coming soon!

To join in the fun and help make this story more widely available, you can read more about our proofreading efforts and then visit the project page.

 

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Content Roundup – Third Week – March 2014

  • Posted by: Michael Foight
  • Posted Date: March 21, 2014
  • Filed Under: Content Roundup
p.8, Chicago Ledger, v. XLI, no. 30, July 26, 1913.

p.8, Chicago Ledger, v. XLI, no. 30, July 26, 1913.

This week finds a raft of new titles including over sixteen issues of the Chicago Ledger, the famous color illustrated story paper out of the Windy City. While you are reading about becoming a Detective, perhaps you might listen to some of the newly available Irish musical sets from 1977 like Mick Moloney and Eugene O’Donnell, or Trim the Velvet. Enjoy the Spring!

American Catholic Historical Society

 Letter, To: "My Dear Parents & Sisters" From: John Alban Kite, June 10, 1883


Letter, To: “My Dear Parents & Sisters” From: John Alban Kite, June 10, 1883

Elizabeth Sarah Kite Collection (16 items added)
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Collection/vudl:246243]

Records of the American Catholic Historical Association (wrappers added for v.6-10)
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:208384]

Dime Novel and Popular Literature

Fiction

Sweet is true love / by “the Duchess.”
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:329823]

Paratextual

Check

Mrs. Miller check
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:329962]

Periodicals

Cover, Chicago Ledger, v. XLVIII, no. 51, Saturday, December 18, 1920.

Cover, Chicago Ledger, v. XLVIII, no. 51, Saturday, December 18, 1920.

Chicago Ledger (16 issues added)
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:337306]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:337332]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:337354]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:337376]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:337402]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:337942]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:337921]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:338255]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:337510]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:337540]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:333557]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:333613]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:335490]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:335512]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:335542]
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:335572]

Star & Herald (1 issue added (Lusitania sinking)
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:339592]

Joseph McGarrity Collection

Newspaper

Der Tag, Sunday, November 17, 1918.

Der Tag, Sunday, November 17, 1918.

Der Tag (11 issues added)
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:339630]

The Gaelic American (1918, 2 issues added)
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:329578]

Philadelphia Ceili Group


1977

Mick Moloney and Eugene O’Donnell (second set)
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:338108]

Trim The Velvet
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:339750]

Irish Tradition (second set)
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:339948]

World

Postcard

Postcard, To: “dein Schwager” From: Fritz Malk, June 9, 1916.
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:339610]

Postcard, To: Mrs. E. Leichenauer in Birsfelden-Basel, Hardstr. 17, Switzerland From: Fritz Leichenauer, st reserve regiment, October 31, 1916.
[http://digital.library.villanova.edu/Item/vudl:339614]

p.7 masthead,     Chicago Ledger, v. L, no. 38, Saturday, September 23, 1922.

p.7 masthead, Chicago Ledger, v. L, no. 38, Saturday, September 23, 1922.

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Last Modified: March 21, 2014